Tulipa humilis Herb.

First published in Edwards's Bot. Reg. 30(Misc.): 30 (1844)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. Türkiye to Anti-Lebanon and Afghanistan. It is a bulbous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey

Introduced into:

Sweden

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Christenhusz, M.J.M., Govaerts, R., David, J.C., Hall, T., Borland, K., Roberts, P.S., Tuomisto, A., Buerki, S., Chase, M.W. & Fay, M.F. (2013). Tiptoe through the tulips - cultural history, molecular phylogenetics and classification of Tulipa (Liliaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 172: 280-328.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Eker, I., Babaç, M.T. & Koyuncu, M. (2014). Revision of the genus Tulipa L. (Liliaceae) in Turkey. Phytotaxa 157: 1-112.
  • Everett, D. (2013). The genus Tulipa Tulips of the world: 1-380. Kew publishing, Kew.
  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Ekşi, G., Güner, I. & Çimen, A.Ö. (eds.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Türkiye) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit. Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Rechinger, K.H., Browicz, K., Persson, K. & Wendelbo, P. (1990). Flora Iranica 165: 1-194. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Tuler, T. (2023). Biologiska Museet listar nya arter för Sverige 2022. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift Utgifven af Svenska Botaniska Foreningen 117: 234-243.
  • Zonneveld, B.J.M. (2009). The systematic value of nuclear genome size for "all" species of Tulipa L. (Liliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 281: 217-245.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo. [Cited as Tulipa biflora.]

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Christenhusz, M.J.M., Govaerts, R., David, J.C., Hall, T., Borland, K., Roberts, P.S., Tuomisto, A., Buerki, S., Chase, M.W. & Fay, M.F. (2013). Tiptoe through the tulips - cultural history, molecular phylogenetics and classification of Tulipa (Liliaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 172: 280-328.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Eker, I., Babaç, M.T. & Koyuncu, M. (2014). Revision of the genus Tulipa L. (Liliaceae) in Turkey. Phytotaxa 157: 1-112.
  • Everett, D. (2013). The genus Tulipa Tulips of the world: 1-380. Kew publishing, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tuler, T. (2023). Biologiska Museet listar nya arter för Sverige 2022. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift Utgifven af Svenska Botaniska Foreningen 117: 234-243.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2013 Kotschy, T. [105] Russia K000872554 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2013 s.coll. [s.n.] K000872551 Lectotype Yes
Prof. Baytop, T. Turkey K001767091 No
Furse, P. [2252] Iran K003945385 Yes
Kotschy, T. [2] Turkey K000900728 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [152] K000872550 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kotschy, T. [506] Turkey K000900727 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bell, M. [s.n.] Iran K000900733 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kotschy, T. [506] Turkey K000900729 Unknown Type Material Yes
Aucher-Eloy, P.M.R. [5372] Iran K000900732 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gay, J. [152] K000872552 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images