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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula.
Ruttya fruticosa

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
N2, “Serrut” Mt near “Meid”, Hildebrandt 893 (B holo., destr.).
Morphology General Habit
Shrub, up to 3 m tall; twigs often pendent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to elliptic, 3–12 x 1–4.5 cm, wrinkled, acute or acuminate at the apex, narrowing into a short petiole at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in terminal cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes linear-lanceolate, 4–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla orange red to brick red, c. 5 cm across, mouth brownish black, wrinkled and shiny; upper lip erect, deeply 2-lobed, 15–20 mm long; lower lip deflexed with middle lobe 18–20 mm long; tube c. 10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3–4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule up to c. 40 x 8 mm.
Distribution
N1, 2; Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Yemen, Oman
Ecology
Altitude range 1200–1900 m.
Vernacular
Dicri, elas (Somali).

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Shrub to 3 m tall; cystoliths present.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to elliptic, to 10 cm long, entire, apex acute to rounded, base decurrent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in 4–8-flowered axillary dichasia; lower bracts foliaceous, upper minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–6 mm long, with 5 narrowly triangular lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla orange red to bright red (rarely yellow), a large glossy black nectariferous patch on base of lower lip; tube to 1.2 cm long, lobes to 2.5 × 1.2 cm, 2 in upper lip erect, 3 in lower lip strongly deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, erect, held under upper lip; anthers monothecous, ellipsoid, rounded.
Distribution
Native of eastern Africa. Widely cultivated elsewhere in Africa.

Native to:

Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Ruttya fruticosa Lindau appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
2937.000
Ash [1221], Ethiopia 35635.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 45 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • —Maroyi in Kirkia 18: 194 (2006)
  • —Vollesen in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 489 (2010). Jammy Mouth.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/