Chamaedorea brachyclada H.Wendl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to W. Panama.

[PW]
General Description
Habit: solitary, erect, appearing stemless, to 2.5 m tall. Stem: 2-3 cm diam., buried and creeping in leaf litter, closely and prominently ringed, internodes to 5-10 mm long. Leaves: 3, erect, pinnate, 1-2 m long; sheath to 35 cm long, obliquely open and splitting deeply opposite petiole, clasping in a tubular manner only briefly near base, dark green; petiole 40-80 cm long, erect, slightly flattened and green above or grooved only near base, rounded and dark green below; rachis sharply angled and green above, rounded and green below, rachis and petiole with a covering of minute, rough, white, glistening spots especially at rachis-petiole junction; pinnae 20-30 on each side of rachis, largest to 30 x 2-3 cm, linear-lanceolate, ± straight but conspicuously falcate, acuminate, lower margin decurrent on rachis, dark green, 5-nerved with underside fairly rough. Inflorescences: infrafoliar, long-pedunculate, arcuate, often appearing to rise from litter offorest floor; peduncles to 60 cm long, I cm wide at base, 5-7 mm diam. at apex, green and ± rounded in flower, reddish orange in fruit; bracts 5-9, prophyll to 2 cm long, 2nd bract 2 cm, 3rd 3 cm, 4th 6 cm, 5th 10 cm, 16th 12-15 cm, 7th, 8th, and 9th 15-20 cm, tubular, brown in flower, ± papery, longitudinally striate-nerved, acute-acuminate, bifid; rachises 10-12 cm long, green in flower, reddish orange in fruit. Staminate with 40-50 rachillae, lowermost longest, these to 10 cm long, uppermostshortest, to 5 cm long, 0.5 mm diam., perpendicular to rachis, spreading, slender, filiform, green. Pistillate bottle-brushlike, rachillae 60-100, these 3-5 cm long, filiform, 0.5 mm diam., flexuous but ± stiff, simple or sometimes forked, 4-7-flowered, green in flower, reddish orange in fruit. Flowers: Staminate in loose spirals, 3-3.5 x 2 mm, ovoid, green, slightly sunken; calyx 1 x 1.5 mm, shallowly lobed, sepals connate in basal 213, broadly rounded and brown-margined apically; petals 3 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate, valvate, connate in basal 2/3, free, acute and slightly recurved apically, thickened and lighter green medially on inside; stamens 2 mm high, filaments yellowish, anthers yellow, 1.5 mm long; pistillode 2mmhigh, columnar, yellowish. Pistillate in remote spirals, 3 x 2 mm, ovoid-globose, yellowgreen, ± superficial; calyx I x 1.5-2 mm, deeply lobed, sepals sharply rounded and dark-margined apically; petals 3-3.5 x 2 mm, oval, imbricate nearly to apex and there free, erect; pistil 2 x 2 mm, globose, slightly 3-angled, dark green, styles short or lacking, stigma lobes slender, recurved, pointed, whitish, well below petal tips. Fruits: 3-5 mm diam., globose, black; seeds 2-4 mm diam., globose; eophyll pinnate.
Biology
Moist or wet forest on the Pacific slope; 1,000-1,400 m elevation.
Distribution
PANAMA. Chiriqui. COSTA RICA. Puntarenas. San Jose.

Native to:

Costa Rica, Panamá

Chamaedorea brachyclada H.Wendl. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gartenflora 29: 101 (1880)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0