Chamaedorea brachypoda Standl. & Steyerm.

First published in Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 23: 198 (1947)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Guatemala to Honduras. It is a shrub and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

General Description
Habit: cespitose and colonial with long, very slender, underground stems (rhizomes) forming dense clumps 1-2 x 3-4 m. Stems: 5-7 mm thick, pale green, smooth, ringed, internodes 5-8 cm long. Leaves: 5-8, spreading, bifid; sheath 15 cm long, tubular, 8 mm broad, obliquely open apically, drying brown, persistent, longitudinal1y striate-nerved; petiole 5-10 cm long, slightly grooved and green above, rounded and pale below; rachis 10-12 cm long, angled or ridged above, rounded and pale below; blade to 30 x 22 cm, narrowing to 20 cm wide at apex, incised apically to 1/2 its length, cuneate-acute basally, lobes 15-30 x 11 cm, divergent at angle of 90 degrees or more, short-acuminate, thin, pale below, margin toothed, 11-13 primary nerves on each side of rachis, prominent and keeled above, slightly falcate, I secondary nerve between each pair of primaries, tertiaries numerous and faint. Inflorescences: infrafoliar, breaking through persistent leaf sheaths at nodes just below living leaves; peduncles 3-10 cm long, 3-4 mm wide at base and apex, ± stiffand ascending, green in flower, orange in fruit; bracts 6, prophyll and 2nd bract 0.5-0.8 cm long, 3rd 1.5 cm, 4th 2.5 cm, 5th 5 cm, 6th 4 cm and exceeding peduncle, all 4-5 mm broad, tubular, papery, acuminate, bifid, brownish in flower, longitudinally striate-nerved; rachises 1-2 cm long, green in flower, orange in fruit. Staminate with 4-8 rachillae, these 8-15 cm long, 1.5-2 mm diam., green. Pistillate with 4-8 rachillae, these 6 cm long, ± stiff, erect, paral1el or slightly spreading, green in flower, orange in fruit. Flowers: Staminate in fairly dense spirals, 3.5 x 3 mm, obovoid-subglobose, greenish tinged with yellow, slightly sunken; calyx 1.5 x 2 mm, ± shallowly lobed, green, sepals connate in basal 2/3, broadly acute apically; petals 3 x 3 mm, ovate, valvate, connate in basal 2/3, adnate to stamen filaments and pistillode in a short stipe, free but incurved apically at anthesis and later opening more, acute, fleshy; stamens 1-1.5 mm long, appressed around pistillode, filaments very short, anthers 2-cleft apically; pistillode 3 x 2 mm, broadly columnar or ± swollen at middle, yellowish, terminating in a short nipplelike, 3-angled, greenish yellow apex. Pistillate in ± loose spirals, 3 x 2-2.5 mm, ovoid or depressedglobose, greenish yellow, slightly sunken; calyx 1-1.5 x 2.5 mm, deeply lobed, green, brown-margined, sepals connate in basal 1/3-1/2, broadly rounded apically; petals 3 x 2-2.5 mm, ovate, imbricate to 1/2-2/3 to apex, free, erect or slightly recurved, acute apically, slightly thickened and ± fleshy; staminodes toothlike; pistil 2 x 2-2.5 mm, depressed-globose, green, styles short or lacking, stigma lobes short, recurved, thick, pale. Fruits: 5-10 mm long, ellipsoid, black.
Distribution
GUATEMALA. Izabal. HONDURAS.
Biology
Wet lowland forest on the Atlantic slope; to 150 m elevation.
[PW]

Sources

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    • Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0