Chamaedorea linearis (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. South America to NW. Venezuela. It is has environmental uses, as a medicine and for food.

[PW]
General Description
Understorey palm. Stem solitary, to 10 m tall, 3-8 cm in diameter, green and smooth. Leaf sheaths closed, forming a 30-90 cm long green crownshaft; blade 100-250 cm long, with 25-65 equal pinnae on each side, the central ones 30-85 cm long and 3-12 cm wide, with 4-6 subequal nerves. Inflorescences once branched, 15-100 cm long, with 3-4 swollen, cream coloured peduncular bracts, and 5-55 branches. Male inflorescences up to 18 per node, female ones solitary at the nodes. Fruits orange to red, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter.
Distribution
W of the Andes from N Colombia to S Ecuador, and E of the Andes from N Ecuador to Bolivia. In Ecuador it is frequent to common in the W lowlands and on the E and W slopes of the Andes up to 2400 m elevation, both in primary and disturbed forest.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Pacific. Elevation range: 300–2800 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Caldas, Caquetá, Cauca, Chocó, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander
Habit
Shrub, Solitary palm.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): NT.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Caña de víbora

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 300 - 2800 m.; Andes, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, palma solitaria
Conservation
Casi Amenazada

[PW]
Distribution
COLOMBIA. Putumayo.
Biology
Dense, wet forest; 2,000-2,300 m elevation
General Description
Habit: solitary, erect, to 8 m tall. Stem: green, ringed. Leaves: pinnate, to 1.3 m long; sheath and petiole glabrous, striated; rachis at least I m long; pinnae lion each side of rachis, lower and median ones 40-60 x 9-12 cm, broadly lanceolate, contracted basally to 1.5 cm wide, falcate, tapered on lower margin to a slender acuminate tip, alternate to subopposite at intervals of mostly 6-8 cm along rachis, upper and terminal pinnae 25-40 x 3-5 cm, lanceolate, more closely spaced, ± evenly tapered to a shorter tip, all glabrous, prominently nerved, green above, green with yellowish nerves below. Inflorescences: Staminate interfoliar, 6 per node, innermost pair developing first, outermost last; peduncle 25 cm long; bracts 3, lower one 12 cm long, upper one 20 cm long, exceeding peduncle, tubular with flaring apices; rachis 12 cm long; rachillae 50, these 3-7.5 cm long, simple, closely spaced. Pistillate solitary, large; peduncle 40 cm long, erect; bracts 5, lowermost 3.5 cm long; rachis 27 cm long, pendulous; rachillae 30, these 12-20 cm long, simple, ascending with pendulous tips. Flowers: Staminate borne spirally in pairs, depressed and angled in bud, yellow; calyx 0.6 mm high, lobed, lobes deltoid; petals 3 mm long, ovate, valvate, thick; stamens 1/2-2/3 as long as petals; pistillode conspicuous, 3-lobed. Pistillate with calyx 3 mm high, deeply lobed, lobes entire or irregularly crenate, exceeding corolla remains. Fruits: immature 12 x 10 mm, nearly globose, green.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela

Chamaedorea linearis (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2005 Pennington, T.D. [17725], Peru K000208966
Jan 1, 1993 Plowman, T. [5540], Peru 44428.000
Jan 1, 1992 Ruiz [B15], Peru K000462919 isotype
Jun 1, 1886 Ecuador K001447177 TYPE
Pennington, T.D. [17725], Peru K000208966
Ecuador K001447176
Ecuador K001447178
Ecuador K001447179
Peru K001447180
Peru K001447181
Peru K001447182
Peru K001447183
Peru K001447184
Andes K001447185
Ecuador Andes K001447186
Ecuador Andes K001447187
Ecuador Andes K001447188
Moore, H.E. Jr.; Dransfield, J.; Giraldo, F. [10221], Colombia K001447189
Ecuador K001447190
Ecuador K001447191
Peru K001447192
Peru K001447197
Colombia K001447198
Bolivia K001447199
Ecuador K001447200
Ecuador K001447201
Ecuador K001447202
Ecuador K001447203
Ecuador K001447204
Ecuador K001447205
Ecuador K001447206
Ecuador K001447207
Ecuador K001447208
Ecuador K001447209
Peru K001447210
Ecuador K001447211
Pennington, T.D. [15870], Ecuador Chamaedorea poeppigiana 29047.934

First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 2: 5 (1823)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Palmweb (2021). Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. http://palmweb.org/node/2

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K000208966
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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001447180
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001447192
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001447197
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001447187
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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

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    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

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