Chamaedorea oreophila Mart.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca).

[PW]
Distribution
MEXICO. Veracruz. Oaxaca.
General Description
Habit: solitary, erect, 1-3 m tall. Stem: 0.6-2 cm diam., green, minutely but conspicuously whites-potted, prominently ringed, internodes 1-6 cm long. Leaves: 5-13, erect-spreading, pinnate; sheath 10-25 cm long, fibrous, light green, densely white-spotted, white-margined, longitudinally green-striate-nerved, drying brown, durable, and ± persistent; petiole 7-35 cm long, light green with granulated white spots, slightly grooved above, rounded and pale green below; rachis 40-80 cm long, obtusely angled and light green above, rounded and pale green below; pinnae 14-25 on each side of rachis, 16-35 x 1.5-4 cm, narrowly lanceolate, falcate or slightly sigmoid, ± stiff and not drooping, acuminate apically, oblique basally, alternate or subalternate, 1.5 em apart, dark lustrous green, prominent yellowish central midrib and 2 primary nerves on each side of this. Inflorescences: interfoliar, erect, spicate, long-pedunculate, exceeding leaves, very slender; peduncles 60-140 em long; bracts 6-10, upper one the largest and exceeding peduncle, to 37 em long, slightly membranous or fibrous, acuminate, green in flower, green or brown in fruit. Staminate 4-8 per node; rachis or flower-bearing portion 10-30 em long, 1 cm wide, pendulous, light yellow. Pistillate solitary at a node; rachis or flower-bearing portion 10-30 em long, erect or horizontal in flower, becoming pendulous in fruit. Flowers: Staminate up to 300 per inflorescence, in dense spirals, contiguous, to 2.5-3 x 3.5 mm, ± deppressed-globose, irregularly angled by mutual pressure, slightly aromatic, yellow in bud, yellow to white at anthesis, ageing to brownish white; calyx 1-1.5 x 2.5-3.5 mm, lobed, membranous, green, brown-margined, sepals connate and/or imbricate basally rounded apically; petals 2-3 x 2-2.5 mm, oblong-obovate, valvate, connate basally, free apically, thin, slightly fleshy apically, slightly nerved on inside; stamens exceeding petals, filaments 2-3 mm high, cylindric, elongate, connate basally, pale yellow to greenish-orange, anthers 0.75-1 mm long, yellow; pistillode 2-2.5 mm high, slender, equalling stamens, 3-lobed apically. Pistillate up to 200 per inflorescence in dense spirals, crowded and nearly contiguous, 1-1.5 x 3 mm, flattened-globose to conic, light yellow; calyx 0.5 x 3 mm, deeply lobed, pale to light green, sepals connate and/or imbricate briefly basally, straight or broadly rounded apically; petals 1.5-2.25 x 2-4 mm, broadly triangular, briefly connate basally, imbricate nearly to apex, straight apically, fleshy, thick, slightly nerved on inside; pistil 1.5 x 2.53 mm, depressed-globose, yellowish to greenish with white spots, styles short or lacking, stigma lobes separated, angled, erect, exceeding petals, sometimes slightly recurved, pale or clear-colored. Fruits: 0.6-1.3 x 4-8 mm, ovoid-ellipsoid, greenish yellow changing to orange and then red when completely ripe, at times 2-3 adherent to one perianth, epicarp thin, slightly transparent, mesocarp thin, yellow-orange, endocarp slightly membranous, nerved; seeds 5.5-10 x 3.5-6.5 mm, ellipsoid.
Biology
Wet forest on the Atlantic slope; 1,000-1,500 m elevation; often on limestone.

Native to:

Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest

Chamaedorea oreophila Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Raffill, C.P., Mexico 29047.112

First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 309 (1849)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0