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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
Tapinanthus oleifolius (J.C.Wendl.) Danser

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Morphology Stem
Stems spreading to 1 m or so, generally puberulous at first, glabrescent, grey to brownish, densely but inconspicuously lenticellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 3.5–4.5 cm long, red with whitish spots, head of buds yellowish- or greenish-white, darkening, puberulent with short spreading hairs up to 0.2 mm long; bud heads 3.5–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, rounded, sometimes slightly apiculate, somewhat angular and sometimes slightly ribbed; basal swelling 4.5–6 × 3.5–5 mm, ovoid or ovoid-ellipsoid, tube constricted for 3–5 mm above; lobes 9–10 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–5 × 1.5 mm Corolla tube 3.5–4.5 cm long, red with whitish spots, head of buds yellowish- or greenish-white, darkening, puberulent with short spreading hairs up to 0.2 mm long; bud heads 3.5–5 × 2.5–3 mm, oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-obovoid, rounded, sometimes slightly apiculate, somewhat angular and sometimes slightly ribbed; basal swelling 4.5–6 × 3.5–5 mm, ovoid or ovoid-ellipsoid, tube constricted for 3–5 mm above; lobes 9–10 mm long, reflexed, the upper expanded part 4–5 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen filaments red; tooth 0.7–0.8 mm long; anthers 2.5–3 mm long Stamen filaments red; tooth 0.7–0.8 mm long; anthers 2.5–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with neck 2.5–3 mm long; stigma 0.7–0.8 mm across, capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry red, 8–9 × 5–7 mm, ellipsoid, with short persistent calyx, glabrescent. Berry red, 8–9 × 5–7 mm, ellipsoid, with short persistent calyx, glabrescent.
Ecology
Widespread and common in the drier parts of the region, through the Zambezi basin and across Botswana in dry mixed woodland, wooded grassland and riverine associations, marginally in mopane and miombo woodland; up to c. 1000(1250) m; on a wide variety of hosts, commonly Acacia and Combretum; flowering throughout most of the year.
Distribution
Mozambique Malawi Zimbabwe Zambia BOT N, BOT W, BOT SE, ZAM B, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM E, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N, MOZ T, MOZ M Botswana Also in Angola, Namibia and much of northern and western South Africa. Caprivi Strip
Morphology General Habit
Stems spreading to 1 m or so, generally puberulous at first, glabrescent, grey to brownish, densely but inconspicuously lenticellate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly opposite; petiole 2–13 mm long; lamina coriaceous, dull green to glaucous, 3–9 × 0.8–5(7) cm, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or ovate, subacute to rounded at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, generally glabrous, with 4–8 pairs of lateral nerves, the middle ones rather more ascending. Leaves mostly opposite; petiole 2–13 mm long; lamina coriaceous, dull green to glaucous, 3–9 × 0.8–5(7) cm, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or ovate, subacute to rounded at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, generally glabrous, with 4–8 pairs of lateral nerves, the middle ones rather more ascending
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels 1–several per axil, (2)4-flowered, puberulous; peduncle 1–2(4) mm long; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long; bract 2–2.5 mm long, shallowly cupular, with a small triangular limb. Umbels 1–several per axil, (2)4-flowered, puberulous; peduncle 1–2(4) mm long; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long; bract 2–2.5 mm long, shallowly cupular, with a small triangular limb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle 1.5–2 mm long. Receptacle 1.5–2 mm long; calyx 1–1.5 mm long, saucer-shaped, truncate to slightly toothed, puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1–1.5 mm long, saucer-shaped, truncate to slightly toothed, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style with neck 2.5–3 mm long; stigma 0.7–0.8 mm across, capitate.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Free State, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

English
Mistletoe

Tapinanthus oleifolius (J.C.Wendl.) Danser appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Visser, J. [K.2], Namibia 49863.000
Polhill, R.M. [5225], South Africa 52397.000
Drège [b], South Africa K000406923
Drège [a], South Africa K000406924
Drège [b], South Africa K000406925
Welwitsch [4864], Angola K000406939
Welwitsch [4858], Angola K000406940 Unknown type material
Welwitsch [4860], Angola K000406941 Unknown type material
Allen, C.E.F. [138], Zimbabwe K000406942
Menyhart [615] K000406944 isotype
Menyhart [s.n.] K000406943
Drège [b], South Africa K000406926 holotype
Drège [b], South Africa K000406927 holotype
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 524], Malaysia Loranthus oleifolius K001111207

First published in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 29(6): 117 (1933)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fl. Sthn. Africa 10, 1: 7, fig. 2/2 (1979).
  • Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 22: 11 (1969).
  • Mitt. Bot. Staatsaamml. München 7: 182 (1968)
  • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 193, photo. 79, fig. 18A (1998).
  • Verh. K. Akad. Wet., sect. 2, 29, 6: 117 (1933).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/