Genus:
Olinia Thunb.

Olinia micrantha Decne.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Eastern Cape.

[KBu]

Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. 2013. A monographic study of the Oliniaceae. Kew Bulletin 68: 419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9465-x

Conservation
This species has a narrow distribution range in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa. It was placed in a preliminary list of tree species for assessment for protection under the National Forest Act (Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Act no. 84 of 1998) of South Africa but was omitted from the final list after evaluation that combined information on Red List status, keystone species in sensitive and tree dominated ecosystems, sustainability of use, cultural and spiritual value, and other applicable legislative provisions. The decision rule applied was to eliminate this species from the list of protected tree species because ‘the species does not have significant ecological, commercial or cultural value and does not face any significant threat, and is well protected by legislation (National Forest Act)’. Based on this assessment and that this species is abundant where it occurs, it is assigned the IUCN Red Data status of Least Concern (LC).
Distribution
The species is known only from the Eastern Cape, South Africa, mainly in the transitional zone receiving both winter and summer rainfall.
Ecology
Occurs in evergreen forests, at forest margins and along ravines alt. 950 – 1950 m.
Morphology General Bark
Bark pale to dark grey and rectangularly fissured or reddish brown and flaking, trunk often fluted branchlets slightly velvety
Morphology General Habit
A large tree up to 15 m high
Morphology General Scales
Scales incurved, highly pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves concolorous, broadly elliptic to obovate, 20 – 30 × 10 – 11 mm, leathery, more or less the same colour on both surfaces apex obtuse to apiculate, slightly mucronate base attenuate or tapering margin entire Midvein or primary veins level with lamina Secondary veins inconspicuous above and below
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole (1 –) 1.5 – 2.8 (− 3) mm long, slightly pubescent on dorsal surface
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules as for the genus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very small, whitish, sometimes tinged with pink, in dense axillary heads, 50 – 60 mm long, sweetly scented pedicel glaucous, short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, as for the genus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals as for the genus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals glabrous on outer surface, inner surface with tuft of short hairs at base, (1 –) 1.2 – 1.8 (− 2) × (0.5 –) 0.7 – 0.8 (− 1) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3- – 5-locular style glabrous, shorter than floral tube stigma globular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium glabrous, (1.5 –) 2 – 2.5 (− 3) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, about 10 mm in diam., soft and thinly fleshy, red, visible circular scar at the apex on young fruit, disappearing in mature fruit (Dec./Jan – June).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary and terminal, compact, dichasial cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts subulate, pubescent on both surfaces, (5 –) 7 – 9 (− 12) × (2.5 –) 5 – 5.5 (− 6.5) mm, cream-white, persistent or falling shortly after the flowers open (anthesis) (August – January)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle pubescent, (1.8 –) 2 – 3.5 (− 3.8) mm long
Note
This species is sympatric with Olinia capensis and O. ventosa. With regard to variation in leaf dimensions, O. micrantha overlaps with O. emarginata while the retention of bracts after anthesis makes O. micrantha similar to O. capensis from which it differs by the shape (subulate vs linear to elliptic) and length of bracts (shorter than 8.5 mm). The flowering periods also distinguish O. micrantha (Aug. – Jan.) from O. capensis (May – July). This species is similar to Olinia emagrinata but differs by its shorter leaves (23 – 37 mm vs 36 – 71 mm long), and the retention of bracts after anthesis, which makes it more similar to O. capensis.
Type
Type: South Africa, Mpumalanga, near Barberton, Upper Moodies at 3300 ft, Galpin 1275 (holotype J! isotypes K!, PRE!). Type: Afr. Austr. Cat. Geogr. Plant Extratrop., Burchell 3592 (holotype K!).

Native to:

Cape Provinces

Olinia micrantha Decne. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 26, 1999 Zeyher, C.L.P. [308], South Africa K000812969 No
Burchell, W.J. [3592], Eastern Cape Province K000913996 holotype Yes
Thorncroft, G. [31], South Africa K000812970 No

First published in Car. Affin. Olinées: 14 (1877)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. (2013). A monographic study of the Oliniaceae. Kew Bulletin 68: 419-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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