Genus:
Olinia Thunb.

Olinia rochetiana A.Juss.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to N. Tanzania.

[FZ]

Oliniaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, small tree or less often a large tree, mostly (0·9)4–16 m. tall but occasionally said to reach 27 m., evergreen; often a small gnarled bushy tree in exposed rocky places; bark grey, smooth or rough, sometimes slightly peeling or flaking, often fissured; blaze white with reddish or purplish border.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets reddish when very young, later pale, mostly squarish, which together with the characteristic leaf venation renders sterile twigs easily identifiable.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or ternate, often bright red when young; leaf-lamina 0·6–12 × 0·5–4·5 cm., broadly rounded-elliptic to narrowly elliptic or rounded-diamond-shaped, rounded to acuminate at the apex, the actual tip blunt or emarginate, rounded to cuneate at the base, glabrous or minutely puberulous, pale beneath with the close reticulate venation characteristically darker and forming a conspicuous pattern; midrib often reddish, impressed above, prominent beneath; petiole 2–9 mm. long, reddish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1·5–7·5 cm. in diameter, globose or pyramidal, usually many-flowered; branches often puberulous; pedicels very short or up to c. 1 mm. long; bracts 1·5–6 × 1–3·5 mm., very deciduous or rarely persistent, thin veined, ovate or oblong, cucullate, pubescent, those enveloping a triad of flowers or single terminal flower, larger than the secondary bracts, 1–3·5 × 1–2 mm., enveloping lateral flowers of the triad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweetly scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube and combined receptacle 2·5–7 mm. long, more or less cylindrical when mature, somewhat narrowed to the base, mostly crimson, glabrous or puberulous, minutely lobed or undulate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2·3–5 × 1–2·5 mm., yellowish-cream, white, pink, or crimson, often white at first and becoming red later, linear-oblong to distinctly obovate-spathulate, rounded or very slightly emarginate at the apex, always narrowest towards the base, mostly glabrous but usually pubescent towards the base inside.
Morphology General Scales
Scales 0·5–1·5 × 0·5–1·25 mm., yellow becoming crimson-pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 0·5–1 × 0·5–1 cm., pink or dull crimson, globose or ovoid, usually speckled with pale lenticels, rather woody inside, marked by the circular scar remaining after the calyx-tube has fallen off.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2·5–3 × 2·5–3 mm., subtrigonous-ovoid, brown, minutely shagreened.

[FTEA]

Oliniaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, small tree or less often a large tree, evergreen, usually (1.2–) 4–16 m. tall but occasionally said to reach 27 m.; often a small gnarled bushy tree in exposed rocky places.
Morphology General Bark
Bark grey, smooth or rough, sometimes slightly peeling or flaking, often fissured; blaze white with reddish or purplish border.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets reddish when very young, later pale, mostly squarish, which together with the leaf venation renders sterile twigs easily identifiable.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or ternate, often bright red when young; blade broadly rounded-elliptic to narrowly elliptic or rounded-rhombic, 0.6–12 cm. long, 0.5–4.5 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, the actual apex blunt or emarginate, rounded to cuneate at the base, glabrous or minutely puberulous, paler beneath with the close reticulate venation characteristically darker or pellucid and forming a conspicuous pattern; midrib often reddish, impressed above, prominent beneath; petiole 2–9 mm. long, reddish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences globose or pyramidal, 1.5–7.5 cm. in diameter, usually many-flowered, the branches often puberulous; pedicels very short or up to about 1 mm. long; bracts very deciduous or rarely persistent, thin, veined, ovate or oblong, cucullate, pubescent, those enveloping a triad of flowers or simple terminal flowers 1.5–6 mm. long, 1–3.5 mm. wide, larger than the secondary bracts enveloping lateral flowers of the triad which measure 1–3.5 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweetly scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube and combined receptacle ± cylindrical, somewhat narrowed to the base, mostly crimson, glabrous or puberulous, 2.5–7 mm. long, minutely lobed or undulate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellowish cream, white, pink or crimson, often white at first and becoming red later, linear-oblong to distinctly obovate-spathulate, 2.3–5 mm. long, 1–2.5 mm. wide, rounded at the apex, always narrowest towards the base, mostly glabrous but usually pubescent towards the base inside.
Morphology General Scales
Scales crimson-pink, 0.5–1.5 mm. long, 0.5–1.25 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit pink or dull crimson, globose or ovoid, 0.5–1 cm. long and wide, usually speckled with pale lenticels, rather woody inside, marked by the circular scar remaining after the calyx-tube has fallen off.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, subtrigonous-ovoid, 2.5–3 mm. long and wide, minutely shagreened.
Habitat
Upland dry and moist evergreen forest, forest edges and frequently forming thickets with Rhus etc. in areas where forest has been degraded by fire and other human interference, finally as a relict tree in grassland; 1680–3000 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3

[KBu]

Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. 2013. A monographic study of the Oliniaceae. Kew Bulletin 68: 419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9465-x

Distribution
Known from Tanzania (Usambara and Kilimanjaro Mts), central to southwestern Kenya, and Uganda around Mt Elgon and environs. Known from north-east and central Ethiopia, south-east of Sudan, Uganda, north-west of Kenya and eastern Tanzania. Map 10.
Morphology General Bark
Bark grey, with peeling scales branchlets light grey
Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or medium to large trees up to 15 m high
Morphology General Scales
Scales puberulent, enclosing stamens, 1 – 2.5 mm long, 0.5 – 1.5 mm wide
Morphology Leaves
Primary veins slightly channelled above Secondary veins branch from midrib at 45º – 60º and loop more than once before the margins, slightly conspicuous above, distinctly conspicuous below Leaves broadly elliptic to obovate, slightly discolorous, glabrous on both surfaces, 41 – 65 × 29 – 53 mm base tapering to rounded or slightly cordate apex notched or broadly emarginate margins smooth
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole light green-yellow, glabrous, up to 3 mm long
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules as for the genus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower 5-merous, subsessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as for the genus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals as for the genus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals spathulate to slightly oblong, apex slightly apiculate to rounded, base slightly narrow, glabrous on abaxial surfaces, pubescent on margins and the base on adaxial surfaces, cream-white or pink, turning red at maturity, 4 – 10.5 × 2 – 4 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 5-locular style glabrous, 2 – 6 mm long stigma capitate or terete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium broad and thick, glabrous to sparsely pubescent or highly puberulous, throat with hooded scales alternating with petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels glaucous, 0.5 – 1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit light green when young, pink to red when mature, globose, 6 – 15 mm in diam., glabrous, apex marked by hypanthium scar 4 – 10 mm in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary and terminal, dichasial cyme inflorescence units 12 – 28 mm long, compact or loose peduncle sparsely pubescent, 8 – 24 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts caducous, papery and creamy white or leathery and pink, ovate or elliptic, 5 – 8 × 3 – 5 mm, markedly pubescent on both surfaces (for papery ones), glabrous on dorsal surfaces (for leathery ones)
Note
Olinia usambarensis can be distinguished from O. rochetiana s.s. by a 4-merous condition in lateral flowers within an inflorescence unit (vs 5-merous) petal lobes that are broader than long, showy and thick textured (vs narrow, and thinly textured). Olinia rochetiana s.s. is similar to O. usambarensis but can be recognised by coriaceous leaves that are concolorous 5-merous condition in both lateral and terminal flowers (vs 4-merous condition in lateral flowers only) and petal lobes that are spathulate to slightly oblong, narrow and 4 – 11 mm long (vs 2.5 – 5 mm long), with slightly apiculate to rounded apices.
Type
Type: Ethiopia, Choa, near Ankoeber, Rochet 18 (holotype P isotype K!).

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda

Olinia rochetiana A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
May 16, 2006 Luke, W.R.Q. et al. [10477], Tanzania K000275858 No
Mar 21, 2000 Schimper [1110], Ethiopia K000310570 syntype Yes
Mar 21, 2000 Schimper [1471], Ethiopia K000310582 isotype Yes
Rochet d'Héricourt, C.L.X. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000913995 isotype Yes
Timberlake, J. [5273], Mozambique K000614002 No
Ash [401], Ethiopia Olinia aequipetala 10098.003 No
Ash [1396], Ethiopia Olinia aequipetala 35669.000 No

First published in Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 22: 812 (1846)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. (2009). Numerical phenic analysis of Olinia rochetiana sensul lato (Oliniaceae). Kew Bulletin 64: 95-121. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. (2013). A monographic study of the Oliniaceae. Kew Bulletin 68: 419-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

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Kew Backbone Distributions

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Flora of Tropical East Africa

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