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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa to Limpopo.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Erect or scrambling shrub to 2.5(–4) m tall; young branches green, 4-angled with longitudinal grooves, glabrous to finely antrorsely sericeous, soon glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous or finely antrorsely sericeous along major veins; petiole to 2.5 cm long; lamina ovate to elliptic, largest 3–7 × 2–4 cm; apex acute to obtuse, base cuneate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, sessile, in axillary 4-sided (all bracts supporting flowers) (0.5)2–11 cm long racemoid cymes, terminal on main stems or on short side branches towards stem apex; peduncle to 5 mm long, puberulous or sericeous-puberulous; rachis with similar indumentum; bracts slightly imbricate or not, green usually with indistinct pale yellow margins, with 5 distinct longitudinal rib-like veins, narrowly elliptic, 0.8–1.5(2) × 0.3–0.5 cm, subglabrous to sparsely antrorsely sericeous on veins and ciliate, with numerous minute subsessile capitate glands, apex acute, base cuneate; bracteoles similar in colour and indumentum, narrowly elliptic, 6–11 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 7–10 mm long, divided to c.2 mm from base, sparsely sericeous-puberulous and with numerous minute capitate glands; lobes narrowly ovate-triangular, acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla red to dark red, dull red, claret or purplish red (rarely yellow), 4.3–4.8 cm long, puberulous with mixture of capitate glands and hairs; tube 1.2–1.8 cm long, 3–4 mm wide; upper lip 3–3.3 cm long, lower lip 2.5–3 cm long, with 6–8 mm long lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments 2.5–3 cm long; thecae 2.5–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4-seeded, 2.7–3 cm long, sparsely puberulous with mixture of hairs and capitate glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (very immature) reticulate-tuberculate.
Distribution
Also in South Africa.
Ecology
In dry low altitude alluvial Acacia and mopanebushland and grassland, dry thicket and forest patches on alluvium, termite mounds, riverine thicket, streamsides; 50–600 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread; not threatened.

Native to:

Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

Symplectochilus formosissimus (Klotzsch) Lindau appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 26, 1979 Peters [s.n.], Mozambique Anisotes formosissimus K000378846 Unknown type material
Mar 26, 1979 Peters [s.n.], Mozambique Anisotes formosissimus K000378845 Unknown type material

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 45 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0