Family:
Malvaceae Juss.
Genus:
Hibiscus L.

Hibiscus vitifolius L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FZ]

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or perennial herb up to 1·5 m. tall, sometimes scandent or scrambling; stems terete, nearly glabrous or with a very variable indumentum, sometimes tomentose or tomentellous, often glandular, sometimes hispid or stellate-hispid or aculeate and with these different types of hairs occurring in various combinations.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 3–15 × 3–15 cm., ovate to suborbicular; not lobed to deeply 3–5 (7)-palmatilobed, with a variable indumentum (as on the stems) but stellatehispid or bifurcate hairs, rather rare on the stems, are more frequent especially on the under surface, margin serrate, base truncate to cordate 5–9-nerved; lobes acute or bluntish; petiole 2–7 (18) cm. long, hairy like the stems; stipules 3–5 mm. long, filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5–9 cm. in diam., yellow with a dark reddish or purple centre, solitary or forming terminal racemes by reduction of the upper leaves; peduncle 1–1·5 (5) cm. long, articulated above the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx of c. 10 bracts; bracts 8–10 mm. long, filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx up to 15 mm. long in flower, accrescent, somewhat scarious; lobes up to 15 × 10 mm., broadly elliptic, acuminate, joined to about half-way.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals up to c. 5 × 4·5 cm., glabrous or nearly so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube up to 15 mm. long; free parts of filaments up to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style-branches 1·5–3 mm. long, minutely glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 10–12 × 12–15 mm. winged, scarious, usually hispid; valves ± aristate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2·5 × 1·5 mm., irregularly reniform, glabrous.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype “Habitat in India.”, Herb. Hermann 4: 39, No. 265, designated by Brenan & Exell in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 32 : 70 (1958)
Morphology General Habit
Herb to 2 m tall, stems pilose, with or without tubercules, sometimes red-tinged
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate, 3–9 × 2.5–10 cm, unlobed or shallowly to deeply 3–5(–7)-lobed, apex acute or acuminate, base cordate or truncate, margin crenate, serrate or undulate, glabrous to pubescent above and below, stellate-hispid or not; petiole 1–12.5 cm long, glabrescent to pilose, tuberculate or not; stipules linear or filiform, 3–8 × 0.3 mm, sparsely pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf axils and in terminal cymes; pedicel 0.6–3.3 cm, articulated at the middle, pubescent-pilose, rarely tuberculate; epicalyx of 8–12 filiform bracts, 7–12 × 0.1–0.5 mm, pilose; calyx lobes ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 10–18 × 4–10 mm, fused in the lower half, pubescent-hispid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow or lilac with a dark red or maroon blotch at base of each petal, 2.5–6 cm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 10–16 mm; filaments 2–3 mm long; exserted part of style 2–5 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule straw-coloured, ovoid-rotund, 10–17 mm long, 9–15 mm diameter, wings 2–3 mm wide, sparsely pubescent, setose along the sutures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black or dark brown, wedge-shaped, 3 × 2 mm, with evenly-spaced longitudinal rows of tubercules all over
Figures
Fig 8: 1–5, p 57

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herb or shrub, up to 2 m tall, sometimes scandent; stems pubescent to pilose, often glandular and sometimes slightly prickly
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pubescent to pilose; petiole 2–13(–18) cm; blade ovate to suborbicular in outline, ± deeply 3–5(–7)-lobed or entire, 3–15 x 3–15 cm, cordate to truncate at the base; lobes triangular, acute, serrate-dentate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in leaf axils or in racemes; pedicels 1–8 cm long, articulated near or below the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx bracts c. 10, 5–15 mm long, filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 10–25 mm long; lobes ovate-triangular, 3–5-veined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 2–5 cm long, yellow with purple base; staminal tube up to 15 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 7–12 mm long, subglobose, at maturity separating from receptacle and disintegrating, hispid; valves winged, scarious and with conspicuous transverse veins, with up to 5 mm long awns
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 3 mm long, glabrous.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1, 3 widespread in tropical Africa and Asia, introduced in America.
Ecology
Altitude range 20–1800 m.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Christmas I., Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Hibiscus vitifolius L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2010 Pooma et al. [6545], Thailand K000612100 No
Jan 25, 1984 Schimper [1029], Ethiopia K000240726 Yes
Ritchie, A. H. [2], Angola K000240690 Yes
Bent, J. Th. [s.n.] K000240725 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1899] K001114638 Unknown type material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1899] K001114639 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1899] K001114642 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1899], Myanmar K001114640 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1899] K001114637 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1899] K001114641 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1899] K001114643 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 696 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand 14(2): 185-358. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. IRD editions, Paris.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1979). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 2: 1-220. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoly, J. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo): Familles des Malvaceae, Orchidaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae Taxonomania 29: 1-41.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Xuyên, Ð.T. (2017). Th?c V?t Chí Vi?t Nam. Flora of Vietnam 14: 1-314. Nha` xua^´t ba?n khoa ho?c va` ky~ thua^?t, Ha` No?^i.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Abedin, S. (1979). Flora of West Pakistan 130: 1-107.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand 14(2): 185-358. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. IRD editions, Paris.
  • GBIF ( 2021-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1979). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 2: 1-220. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoly, J. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo): Familles des Malvaceae, Orchidaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae Taxonomania 29: 1-41.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.C.B. 10: 103 (1963)
  • F.P.S. 2: 28 fig. 8 (1952)
  • F.T.A. 1: 197 (1868)
  • F.Z 1(2): 470 (1961)
  • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 205 (1995)
  • Fl. Somalia 2: 50, fig. 28a–e (1999)
  • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 346 (1958)
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 694 (1753)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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