Malva parviflora L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 226 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Medit. to Pakistan and Sahara. It is an annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Alt. 1800 - 2600 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1800–2600 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: not cited but presumably plant growing in Hort. Upsal. (In 1763 Linnaeus gave locality as in Barbaria i.e. North Africa, W of Egypt) Linnean Herb. 870. 17 (LINN, lecto.)* (* Abedin considered this to be the holotype and this is equivalent to lectotypification – it is possible it is the holotype.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 5–60 cm, tall with erect, prostrate or ascending ± pubescent branches
Morphology Leaves
Leaves reniform to round in outline, 2.5–10 cm long and wide, cordate at base, ± unlobed to 5–7-lobed, the lobes broadly rounded, crenate-dentate (or in some varieties deeply lobed and sharply acutely dentate), ± stellate-pubescent; petiole 3–7(–17) cm long; stipules lanceolate to ovate, 2–5(–12 fide Townsend) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in axillary fascicles; pedicel up to 2.5 cm long; epicalyx bracts linear, 3.5–7 mm long; calyx 3–5 mm long but distinctly accrescent in fruit to 1 cm, glabrous or shortly pubescent; lobes broadly ovate, acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to pinkish with darker lines, obovate, 4.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 9–11, 1.5–2 mm long, usually glabrous but sometimes shortly pubescent, conspicuously reticulate dorsally with raised walls; margins carinate to deeply denticulate or ± serrate or forming dentate crests at the sutures; lateral faces with radiating ribs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, 1.4–1.8 mm long, minutely rugulose
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, pubescent to glabrous, with decumbent or ascending stems up to 50 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with c. 2–10 cm long petiole; blade reniform to suborbicular, shallowly 5–7-lobed, up to c. 7 x 7 cm, with crenate margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in few-flowered axillary clusters; pedicels 2–12 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx bracts linear, up to 4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 4 mm long, accrescent in fruit; lobes ovate, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 4 mm long, scarcely longer than the calyx, pink or white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps c. 10, 2–2.5 mm long, glabrous, with sharp transverse ridges on the back, strongly ribbed sides, and with sharp edges.
Distribution
N1–3 native of Europe and Asia, now an almost cosmopolitan weed.
Ecology
Altitude range 1150–1450 m.
[FSOM]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1800 - 2600 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
[CPLC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
malva, malva tendida
[UNAL]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Uses

Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Common Names

Spanish
Malva, malva de campo, quesitos, quesillo, malva de castilla.

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/