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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to E. Kenya, Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan to India.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Arabia, opposite Socotra island, collector unknown but communicated by Joseph Banks (MA, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial sometimes shrubby herb 0.4–1.5 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems densely short stellate-pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rounded-reniform in outline, 2–8.5 × 2–9 cm, cordate at base, lobes acute to rounded, toothed or subentire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx bracts ovate, 1.5–3 × 1.3–2.5 cm, subacute to rounded, cordate at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.9–1.4 cm long, lobes narrowly ovate, distinctly 3-veined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals dark purple to almost black or yellow with purple base, 2–3 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, 5–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3–4 mm long, densely silky
Figures
Fig 15, p 90
Ecology
AcaciaCommiphora bushland sometimes watercourse edge, scattered tree grassland with Acacia, Terminalia, Commiphora, Dobera and Salvadora; 40–300 m
Note
Vollesen keeps S. zoës Volkens & Schweinfurth (Liste Plantes-Ghika-Pays de Somalis: 8 (1897). Type: Ethiopia, Harerge, banks of torrent Faf, Ghika-Comanesti (B? holo. †)) separate on account of the stem indumentum of long spreading simple hairs and glands instead of dense stellate pubescence; but Thulin pointed out that more material from Somalia shows variation in indumentum. Nevertheless a few specimens from the gypsaceous areas of the Nugaal valley e.g. McKinnon S/185, Nogal, 5 Dec. 1938, Peck 8, Wadamago, 4 Aug. 1941 and Warfa 1001, 11 km from Garoe towards Talex, Armola, 8 Nov. 1984 have long rather sparse bristly setae on the stems and glands and are certainly distinctive. * As Vollesen points out Cavanilles first spelt the name Serra correcting it later in the same paper. The reason is obscure since it is named for a botanist called Serra.
Distribution
Flora districts: K1 K7 Range: Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Socotra, Arabia, Pakistan and India

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb or shrub, up to 1.5 m tall; stems densely pubescent to tomentose, or pilose with long simple spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with 1–8 cm long petiole; blade ± reniform in outline, 2–8.5 x 2–9 cm, cordate at the base, 3-lobed with acute to rounded lobes, dentate to subentire, pubescent to tomentose, more densely so beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers open in the morning only
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 3–20 mm long, articulated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx bracts 15–30 x 13–25 mm, deeply cordate at the base, subacute to rounded at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 9–14 mm long, pubescent to pilose; lobes narrowly ovate with 3 distinct veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2–3 cm long, dark purple to almost black, or yellow with purple base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 5–8 mm long, subglobose, subglabrous; seeds 3–4 mm long, densely pubescent.
Distribution
N1–3; C2; S1–3; Socotra, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, NE Kenya; Arabia to India.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–1200 m.
Vernacular
Balambal (Somali).
Note
S. incana is very variable in its indumentum as well as in flower colour.

Native to:

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Senra incana Cav. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
unknown [125] K000240496
Schimper, W. [817], Saudi Arabia K000659660
Baker, C.M. [s.n.], Pakistan K000659657 Unknown type material
Schimper, W. [817], Saudi Arabia K000659661
Schimper, W. [817], Saudi Arabia K000659662

First published in Diss. 2: 83 (1786)

Accepted by

  • Abedin, S. (1979). Flora of West Pakistan 130: 1-107.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Patzelt, A., Harrison, T., Knees, S.G. & Hartley, L.A. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXI. New records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 161-180.
  • Riedl, I. (1976). Flora Iranica 120: 1-86. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Collenette, Flowers Saudi Arabia: 365 (1985)
  • Diss. 2: 83, 104, t. 35.3 (1786)
  • F.T.A. 1: 194 (1868)
  • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2 (2): 216, fig. 82.12.1–7 (1995)
  • Fl. India 3: 347, fig. 97 (1993)
  • Fl. W. Pak. 130: 4 (1979)
  • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 2: 56, fig. 32 (1999).
  • Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinb. 31: 30 (1888)
  • Wood, Handb. Yemen Flora: 108 (1997)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0