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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.
Celtis philippensis

[FZ]

Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen much-branched tree 5–20 m. tall, monoecious; bole often with short buttresses, bark smooth grey, wood white; young stems and branches very sparsely white-pubescent, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (5)6.5–12(17.5) x 2.5–4.5(8) cm., elliptic to elliptic-ovate or elliptic-oblong; apex with a wide (usually short) acumen and mucronate tip; base slightly asymmetrical and broadly cuneate to rounded or subcordate; margin entire or (rarely in Flora Zambesiaca region) coarsely dentate in the upper half; lamina thinly coriaceous, pale green, punctate but smooth and ± shiny above, glabrous; 3-nerved from the base, the basal lateral nerves extending almost to the apex, as strongly prominent beneath as the midrib, upper lateral nerves 1–2(3) on each side of the midrib, rather fine and inconspicuous; secondary venation fairly closely parallel, ± horizontal between the midrib and basal lateral nerves.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 4–10(16) mm. long; stipules 3–7 mm. long, lanceolate, shortly produced below the point of attachment, ± pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence in leaf axils towards the ends of branches; lower inflorescences 5–30 mm. long, containing many crowded male (lowers, these sessile or with pedicels to 2 mm. long, and a few female and bisexual flowers at apices of branches of these inflorescences, their pedicels usually longer; upper inflorescences usually short with several bisexual flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1.5–2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± glabrous, with a basal ring of long hairs; styles very shortly bifid, (1)1.5–2(3.5) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
fruits red, 9–12 x 7–10 mm., ovoid, glabrous; pedicels 3–7 mm. long.

[FTEA]

Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Much branched evergreen monoecious tree or shrub, 3–20 m. tall, often with short sharp buttresses; bark smooth, grey.
Morphology Twigs
Young twigs puberulous or subglabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades chartaceous to coriaceous, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, (5–)8.5–17.5 cm. long, 3.5–7.8 cm. wide, acuminate, broadly cuneate to rounded or subcordate at the base, ± a little unequal-sided, entire or coarsely toothed in the upper half, glabrous, 3-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves extending practically to the apex and the upper prominent lateral nerves l–2(–3) on each side of the midrib; petiole 4–16 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules lanceolate, 3–7 mm. long, shortly produced below the point of attachment, ± pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 5–30 mm. long in flower, up to 40 mm. long in fruit; lower ones with many clustered ♂ flowers and a few ♀ and hermaphroditeflowers at the top; upper ones with several hermaphroditeflowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, 1.5– 2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous or subglabrous with a basal ring of long hairs; styles shortly bifurcate, 1–2–3.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits on 3–7 mm. long pedicels, ovoid, shortly beaked, up to 12 mm. long, 10 mm. across, red, glabrous.
Habitat
Lowland rain, swamp and riverine forest; 30–1200 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 T8 U2 U4 Z Ethiopia to West Africa and south to Angola and Mozambique, also Madagascar, Mascarene Is. and tropical Asia to Australia

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

Celtis philippensis Blanco appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 2015 Poilane, E. [10116], Vietnam K000852767
Jan 1, 2012 I Made Maduarta [IMM 122], Lesser Sunda Is. K000733399
Jun 1, 2010 Imin [50913], Peninsular Malaysia K000611971
Jun 1, 2010 Rafidah [52664], Peninsular Malaysia K000611972
Jun 1, 2010 Middleton [4094], Thailand K000611973
Jun 1, 2010 Williams [1539], Thailand K000611982
Jun 1, 2010 Williams [1009], Thailand K000611983
Jan 25, 2008 Cunningham, A. [193], Western Australia K000852752
Sep 23, 2005 Sidiyasa [2132], Indonesia K000351328
Sep 23, 2005 Gaerlan et al. [13394], Philippines K000351329
Nov 23, 2004 Madulid, Gaerlan et al. [PPI 23861], Philippines K000228098
Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [999], Cameroon K000197966
Jan 1, 1976 Collins, D.J. [230], Thailand K000852770 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1976 Collins, D.J. [241], Thailand K000852768 Unknown type material
Mar 1, 1971 Walker, G.W. [s.n.], Sri Lanka K000852775
Mar 1, 1971 Wight, R. [41], Tamil Nadu K000852772 syntype
Mar 1, 1971 s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000852765
Mar 1, 1971 s.coll. [214], Sri Lanka K000852774 syntype
Mar 1, 1971 s.coll. [214], Sri Lanka K000852773 syntype
Mar 1, 1971 Wight, R. [85], India K000852771 syntype
Mar 1, 1971 Gardner, G. [s.n.], Sri Lanka K000852776
Jan 1, 1971 Commerson [s.n.], Mauritius K000243045
Jan 1, 1971 s.coll. [s.n.], Northern Territory K000852751 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1971 Elmer, A.D.E. [16028], Philippines K000852760
Jan 1, 1971 s.coll. [s.n.], Western Australia K000852750
Jan 1, 1971 Elmer, A.D.E. [10999], Philippines K000852761
May 1, 1970 Collins, D.J. [241], Thailand K000852769 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1963 Lebrun [3074], Zaire Celtis wightii K000243034
Jan 1, 1963 Welw. [6302], Angola Celtis wightii K000243042 Unknown type material
Chevalier, A. [21.459], Ivory Coast Celtis wightii K000243030 Unknown type material
s.coll. [Cat. no. 9056] Celtis wightii K001132149

First published in Fl. Filip.: 197 (1837)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1989). Flora of Australia 3: 1-219. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Guymer, G.P. (2013). Celtis strychnoides Planch. an earlier name for Celtis australiensis Sattarian (Ulmaceae) Austrobaileya 9: 146-147.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Tange, S. & al. (2018). Flora of Nam Kading national protected area II: 30 new records of Angiosperms for Laos Edinburgh Journal of Botany 75: 107-116.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1974-1978). Flora Malesiana 8: 1-577. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1989). Flora of Australia 3: 1-219. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Guymer, G.P. (2013). Celtis strychnoides Planch. an earlier name for Celtis australiensis Sattarian (Ulmaceae) Austrobaileya 9: 146-147.
  • Tange, S. & al. (2018). Flora of Nam Kading national protected area II: 30 new records of Angiosperms for Laos Edinburgh Journal of Botany 75: 107-116.

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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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