Celtis philippensis Blanco

First published in Fl. Filip.: 197 (1837)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Ulmaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen much-branched tree 5–20 m. tall, monoecious; bole often with short buttresses, bark smooth grey, wood white; young stems and branches very sparsely white-pubescent, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (5)6.5–12(17.5) x 2.5–4.5(8) cm., elliptic to elliptic-ovate or elliptic-oblong; apex with a wide (usually short) acumen and mucronate tip; base slightly asymmetrical and broadly cuneate to rounded or subcordate; margin entire or (rarely in Flora Zambesiaca region) coarsely dentate in the upper half; lamina thinly coriaceous, pale green, punctate but smooth and ± shiny above, glabrous; 3-nerved from the base, the basal lateral nerves extending almost to the apex, as strongly prominent beneath as the midrib, upper lateral nerves 1–2(3) on each side of the midrib, rather fine and inconspicuous; secondary venation fairly closely parallel, ± horizontal between the midrib and basal lateral nerves.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 4–10(16) mm. long; stipules 3–7 mm. long, lanceolate, shortly produced below the point of attachment, ± pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence in leaf axils towards the ends of branches; lower inflorescences 5–30 mm. long, containing many crowded male (lowers, these sessile or with pedicels to 2 mm. long, and a few female and bisexual flowers at apices of branches of these inflorescences, their pedicels usually longer; upper inflorescences usually short with several bisexual flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1.5–2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± glabrous, with a basal ring of long hairs; styles very shortly bifid, (1)1.5–2(3.5) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
fruits red, 9–12 x 7–10 mm., ovoid, glabrous; pedicels 3–7 mm. long.
[FZ]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/61988008/61988013

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Much branched evergreen monoecious tree or shrub, 3–20 m. tall, often with short sharp buttresses; bark smooth, grey.
Morphology Twigs
Young twigs puberulous or subglabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades chartaceous to coriaceous, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, (5–)8.5–17.5 cm. long, 3.5–7.8 cm. wide, acuminate, broadly cuneate to rounded or subcordate at the base, ± a little unequal-sided, entire or coarsely toothed in the upper half, glabrous, 3-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves extending practically to the apex and the upper prominent lateral nerves l–2(–3) on each side of the midrib; petiole 4–16 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules lanceolate, 3–7 mm. long, shortly produced below the point of attachment, ± pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 5–30 mm. long in flower, up to 40 mm. long in fruit; lower ones with many clustered ♂ flowers and a few ♀ and hermaphroditeflowers at the top; upper ones with several hermaphroditeflowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, 1.5– 2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous or subglabrous with a basal ring of long hairs; styles shortly bifurcate, 1–2–3.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits on 3–7 mm. long pedicels, ovoid, shortly beaked, up to 12 mm. long, 10 mm. across, red, glabrous.
Habitat
Lowland rain, swamp and riverine forest; 30–1200 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 T8 U2 U4 Z Ethiopia to West Africa and south to Angola and Mozambique, also Madagascar, Mascarene Is. and tropical Asia to Australia
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images