Urena lobata L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 692 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropics & Subtropics. It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Suffrutex up to c. 1 m. tall; stems sparsely to densely stellate-tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–5-palmatilobed with entire to pinnatisect lobes; lamina of lower leaves 4–6 × 5–7 cm., usually suborbicular, shallowly 3-lobed at the apex, rounded to subcordate at the base, of middle leaves 5–7 × 3–6·5 cm., often more ovate, of upper leaves ovate-elliptic; margin evenly or irregularly serrate; petiole 2–4 cm. long; stipules c. 3 mm. long, lanate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary; pedicels c. 3 mm. long, lanate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx c. 6 mm. long, connate in the lower 1/3 stellate-pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx shorter than the epicalyx, densely lanate at the base of the keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 10–15 (25) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 10 mm. in diam.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 2300 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Subarbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
aramina, cadillo, malva blanca, yute congo
[UNAL]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Herb. Linnaeus 873.1 (LINN, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Erect annual or perennial herb or subshrubby herb 0.5–1.5(–2) m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems often reddish and usually ± unbranched
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina oblong or oblanceolate to ovate, round or oblate in outline, 1–12 × 0.5–13 cm, acute at the apex, cordate at base, serrate to coarsely toothed, crenate or subentire, stellate-pubescent with upper surface slightly scabridulous but velvety beneath; petiole 0.2–9(–12) cm long; stipules 2–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Terminal pseudoracemes, if present, up to 35 cm long; pedicel 1–3 mm long, becoming 3–7 mm in fruit; calyx and epicalyx bracts 3–6(–10) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1–1.5(–2.5) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit depressed globose, 6–10 mm wide; mericarps 4–7 mm long, 3–4 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, reniform, 2–3.5 mm wide, glabrous or minutely pubescent
[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Varying from a low woody weed to a shrub 8–10 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rose-pink or yellow, 1 in. or less long
Note
Cultivated in some of its forms.
[FWTA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 50–2300 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Nariño.
Habit
Subshrub.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0