Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 5 - 2430 m.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 5–2430 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Casanare, Chocó, Córdoba, Cu
Habit
Shrub.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
balsilla, cadillo, jarilla, morada, rozavieja, salvia, salvia amarga, salvia blanca, salvia morada, sanalotodo, varejón, verbena arisca, verbena blanca

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 2430 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Note
A rank-scented weed.
Morphology General Habit
A diffuse shrub with angular pubescent branched stems up to about 8 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets white, mauve or pale blue in heads arranged in sub-umbellate inflorescences at the ends of short branches

[UPFC]
Vernacular
Jarilla, Lang chat, Rompe zaragüey, Salvia, Salvia amarga

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Gabon, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Line Is., Malaya, Marianas, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Queensland, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zaïre

Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2015 Simaga [09729B], Papua New Guinea K001045466
Jun 1, 2015 Hassler, E. [11859], Paraguay K001089826 isotype
Apr 1, 2013 Prance, G.T. [9892], Brazil K000940191
Jun 1, 2009 Ismail [29], Malaysia K000610776
Mar 1, 2009 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. et al [6642], Surinam K000373269
Jan 1, 2009 Chan [FRI 49280], Peninsular Malaysia K000575518
Jan 1, 2009 Phoon, S.N. [FRI 53202], Peninsular Malaysia K000575519
Jan 1, 2009 Zappi, D.C. [1427], Mato Grosso K000579641
Feb 1, 2008 Ambriansyah, A. et al. [3074], Kalimantan K000512328
Jul 1, 2001 Lane, P. [276], Cameroon K000108768
Jul 1, 2001 Gosline, G. [169], Cameroon K000108641
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1557], Cameroon K000108642
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8977], Cameroon K000108769
Jul 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [230], Brazil K001058963
Feb 1, 1992 Hind, D.J.N. [35], Bahia K000069575
Feb 1, 1992 Hind, D.J.N. [35], Bahia K000069574
May 1, 1989 Harley, R.M. [25177], Brazil K000940190
Mar 28, 1989 Hoehne, W. [1633], Brazil K000940189
Jan 1, 1987 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4870], Brazil K000940194
Jan 1, 1979 Araujo, D. [1187], Brazil K000940188
Hatschbach, G. [56994], Bahia K000069576
Mori, S.A. [13943], Bahia K000069578
King, R.M. [8053], Bahia K000069579
Luschnath [s.n.], Bahia K000069580
Tweedie [s.n.], Buenos Aires K000486876
Lorentz, P.G. [202], Tucumán K000486877
Archer, W.A. [7804], Brazil K000940192
Dusén, P. [14683], Brazil K000940187
Pires, J.M. [s.n.], Brazil K000940196
Salzmann, P. [14], Brazil K000069583
Mori, S.A. [14427], Bahia K000069581
André, E.F. [K1166], Colombia K000486899
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000069584
Luschnath [s.n.], Bahia K000069582
Glocker [57], Bahia K000069585
Salzmann, P. [14], Brazil K000069586
Ule, E. [9902], Brazil K000940195
Allen, C.K. [2705], Brazil K000940197
Harley, R.M. [22009], Bahia K000069577
Traill, J.W.H. [461], Brazil K000940198
Hunt, D.R. [6029], Brazil K000940193
March [1192], Jamaica K000486838
Wright, C. [294], Cuba K000486839
Lehmann, F.C. [7953], Colombia Chromolaena barranquillensis K000486768

First published in Phytologia 20: 204 (1970)

Accepted by

  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Christ, A.L. & Ritter, M.R. (2019). A taxonomic study of Praxelinae (Asteraceae-Eupatorieae) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Phytotaxa 393: 141-197.
  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Prakash, L. & Balasubramanian, P. (2018). Invasive alien flora of Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Southern Eastern Ghats, India Indian Forester 144: 857-862.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Thaman, R.R. & Tye, A. (2015). Flora of Kiritimari (Christmass) atoll, Northern Line islands, Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin 608: 1-73.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). https://www.jstor.org/stable/26958715 epublication.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Thaman, R.R. & Tye, A. (2015). Flora of Kiritimari (Christmass) atoll, Northern Line islands, Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin 608: 1-73.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Garcia, H. (1992). Flora Medicinal de Colombia. Botánica Médica. Segunda Edición. Tercer Mundo Editores. Tomo III.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (ed.) (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0