Ekebergia capensis Sparrm.

First published in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1779: 282 (1779)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & S. Africa. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized evergreen or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 m. tall, but usually less; bole slightly buttressed or fluted at base, up to 1 m. diameter at breast height; second-year branchlets slender, usually less than 0.6 cm. diameter, smooth, with scattered leaf-scars, closely lenticellate with large whitish lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate, usually entirely glabrous, sometimes pubescent, rarely tomentose; petiole and rhachis up to 35 cm. long; leaflets opposite or subopposite, 7–15, subsessile or shortly petiolulate, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, up to 14.5 × 6 cm., usually much smaller, tapering to an acuminate or subacuminate apex, base asymmetric, lower surface rarely drying whitish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or pinkish white, sweet-scented, borne in many-flowered cymose panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.2 cm. long, sparsely to densely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals elliptic-oblong, 0.4–0.5 cm. long, densely puberulous on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 0.2 cm. long, puberulous outside, densely bearded at throat inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 0.15 × 0.2 cm., densely setulose; style 0.05–0.1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe ± 1.5 × 1.5 cm., deep red, with 2–4 pyrenes.
Figures
Fig. 10/6–9, p 36.
Habitat
Montane, mid-altitude and riparian forest, often at edges; more rarely (Uganda) in woodland and wooded grassland; 600–2650 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 from Senegal to Ethiopia and southwards to Botswana and South Africa (Eastern Cape) but very local in Guineo-Congolian rain-forest
[FTEA]

Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious, white or pinkish-white, sweet-scented, borne in many-flowered cymose panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2 mm. long, sparsely to densely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5 mm. long, elliptic-oblong, densely puberulous on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 2 mm. long, puberulous outside, densely bearded at throat inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1·5 × 2 mm., densely setulose, style 0·5–1 mm. long, Drupe about 1·5 × 1·5 cm., bright red or (?) black, with 2–4 pyrenes.
Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized evergreen or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 m. tall but usually less; bole slightly buttressed or fluted at base, up to 1 m. d.b.h.; second-year branchlets slender, usually less than 0·6 cm. diameter, smooth, with scattered leaf-scars, closely lenticellate with large whitish lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate, usually entirely glabrous, sometimes pubescent, rarely tomentose; petiole and rhachis up to 35 cm. long; leaflets up to 14·5 × 6 cm., usually much smaller, opposite or subopposite, 3–5 (6)-jugate, subsessile or shortly petiolulate, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, tapering to an acuminate or subacuminate apex, base asymmetric, lower surface never drying whitish.
[FZ]

Meliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A tree to 50 ft. high, rarely more, with spreading crown and dense foliage
Morphology General Bark
Smooth grey bark becoming rough scaly
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellowish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits reddish when ripe, containing 2–4 bright red seeds with yellow aril
Ecology
In savannah regions and drier parts of the forest regions. The species seems to vary a good deal in size of leaflets and indumentum of the leaves.
[FWTA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0