Family:
Meliaceae Juss.

Entandrophragma delevoyi De Wild.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to Zambia.

[FTEA]

Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 35 m. tall; bole up to 20 m. long and 1.5 m. in diameter, very slightly buttressed at the base; bark grey-brown, exfoliating in large irregular pieces.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 25 cm. long; leaflets 6–10, opposite or subopposite, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, up to 9.5 × 4 cm., apex suddenly contracted in a short acumen, base of distal leaflets slightly asymmetric; lateral nerves in 8–12 pairs, venation closely reticulate but scarcely prominent; upper surface glossy; lower surface glabrous except for a few minute hairs on midrib; petiolules slender, 1–2 (3.5) cm. long; petiole scarcely flattened, not winged, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 15 × 8 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.1 cm. long, lobed to the middle, puberulous, especially on the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 0.5–0.7 cm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 0.3–0.4 cm. long, cup-shaped, subentire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule similar to that of E. excelsum but more suddenly contracted to the shortly pointed apex, and with smaller, much less conspicuous lenticels.
Figures
Fig. 17/3, 4.
Habitat
In patches of dry evergreen forest and on river banks; relict trees are also sometimes found in man-induced grassland, but they are easily destroyed by fire; 1200–1675 m.
Distribution
T4

[FZ]

Meliaceae, F. White and B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Large semi-evergreen tree up to 35 m. tall; bole up to 20 m. tall and 1–5 m. in diameter, very slightly buttressed at the base; bark smooth, grey-brown, exfoliating in large, irregular pieces.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; petiole and rhachis up to 25 cm. long, glabrous; leaflets up to 9 × 4 cm., opposite or subopposite, 3–5-jugate, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, suddenly contracted at the apex into a short acumen without a filiform tip, base of distal leaflets slightly asymmetric, upper surface glossy, lower surface glabrous except for a few minute hairs on midrib; petiolules slender, 1–2 (3·5) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale green, in rather lax axillary panicles up to 15 × 8 cm.; peduncles up to 6 cm. long; pedicels 2 mm. long, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1 mm. long, lobed to the middle, with teeth puberulous, especially on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5–7 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 3–4 mm. long, glabrous outside, minutely puberulous at base inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 14–16 × 3–3·5 cm., cylindric; apex pointed; valves black, sparsely lenticellate, not thickened at the apex, dehiscing from the base of the capsule; points of attachment of seeds to columella large and conspicuous, covered with cottony hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (including wing) 7–8·5 × 1·5 cm.

Native to:

Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Entandrophragma delevoyi De Wild. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Grey, C. [5] K000432148 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Sér. B 47: 78 (1927)

Accepted by

  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • De Wild. in Ann. Soc. Sci. Brux. 47, sér. B: 78 (1927).
  • F. White & Styles in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 292, t. 55A (1963).
  • Staner & Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 181 (1958).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0