Family:
Meliaceae Juss.

Entandrophragma angolense (Welw.) Panshin

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Meliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A large forest tree, to 160 ft. high, with long straight bole and rather open crown
Morphology Trunk Buttresses
Buttresses broad, but low
Morphology General Bark
Bark relatively smooth, pale grey-brown to orange-brown, with scales flaking off high up the tree
Morphology Trunk Slash
Slash dark red and pink with white radial streaks, very slightly scented
Morphology Leaves
Leaves clustered at the ends of the branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences puberulous or glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish.

[FTEA]

Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 50 m. high, with a long clean bole and moderately developed blunt buttresses, which usually extend up the bole for about 2.5 m.; bark relatively smooth, pale grey-brown to orange-brown, scaling in irregular large or small pieces which leave concave scars.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 30 cm. long; leaflets 14–20, opposite or subopposite, oblong-elliptic or sometimes slightly broadest above the middle, up to 12.5 × 5 cm., apex rounded or subacute and usually ending in a short broad acumen; base cuneate, symmetric or almost so; lateral nerves in 7–12 pairs, venation usually indistinct, exceptionally moderately prominent; lower surface glabrous except for the midrib which is often densely covered with short spreading hairs; petiole unwinged or slightly winged at the base, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 30 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.1 cm. long, lobed to ± the middle, puberulous, especially on the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 0.4 cm. long, cup-shaped, subentire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule cylindric, (12–) 15–20 × 3–4 cm., gradually tapered to the pointed apex; valves ± 0.3 cm. thick, dehiscing from the base of the capsule and falling together in the form of a calyptra, dark brown or black outside, usually closely mottled with small lenticels, shining golden- brown inside with darker streaks; scars on columella ± transverse, conspicuous, with a tuft of hairs indicating the point of attachment of the seed at one end.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (including wing) ± 9.5 × 2 cm., attached alternately left and right to the markedly zigzag placental line; base of seed rectilinear, as wide as the wing.
Figures
Fig. 17/5, 6, p. 55.
Habitat
Lowland and mid-altitude rain-forest; 1100–1830 m.
Distribution
Guinée to Uganda, Kenya and Angola K5 U2 U3 U4

Native to:

Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Entandrophragma angolense (Welw.) Panshin appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [783], Cameroon K000460133 No
Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [783], Cameroon K000027366 No
Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1484], Cameroon K000027369 No
Styles, B.T. [347], Uganda 25694.037 No
Styles, B.T. [213], Uganda 6049.015 No
Welwistch [s.n.], Angola K000432140 Yes
Chevalier, A. [16145] K000432155 Unknown type material Yes
Chevalier, A. [22299] K000432156 Unknown type material Yes
Welwistch [1313], Angola K000432138 Yes
Chevalier, A. [16146] K000432157 Unknown type material Yes
Maitland, T.D. [461], Cameroon K000094077 No
Welwistch [1313], Angola K000432139 Yes
Lobe, W.A. [FHI 8398], Cameroon K000094074 No
Maitland, T.D. [534], Cameroon K000094075 No
Vermoesen, F.C.M. [1850] K000432151 Yes
Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10796], Cameroon K000094073 No
Maitland, T.D. [534], Cameroon K000094076 No
Maitland, T.D. [410], Cameroon K000094072 No

First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 582 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flore du Gabon 47: 1-115. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Styles, B.T. & White, F. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 2: 138, t. 179, t. 181, a, t. 182, a, t. 183, 3–4
  • For. Trees & Timbers Brit. Emp. 4: 36, fig. 5, t. 5
  • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19B, 1: 57, fig. 6
  • Pellegr. in Notulae Syst. 9: 38
  • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 16: 224.
  • in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 582, t. 2! (1894)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. DC. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 582, t. 21 (1894).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 267, t. 55 (1961).
  • Eggeling & Harris, For. Trees Brit. Emp. 4: 36, photo. 5, t. 5 (1939).
  • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 308, t. 14 (1951).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 700 (1958).
  • Staner & Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 190 (1958).
  • Styles in E. Afr. Agric. Journ. 39: 410 (1974).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 176, photo. 30, t. 37 (1952).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0