Genus:
Morus L.

Morus mesozygia Stapf

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to N. KwaZulu-Natal.

[FWTA]

Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A small or sometimes large tree
Morphology Branches
Reddish brown glabrous branches
Ecology
Usually in the drier types of forest.

[FZ]

Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 40 m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf lamina elliptic to oblong, ovate or subobovate, 3–13 x 2–8 cm., chartaceous to subcoriaceous, apex acuminate to subacute, base cordate to obtuse, margin crenate to serrate; superior surface pubescent on the main veins, interior surface pubescent in the axils of the lateral veins; lateral veins 4–7 pairs, the basal pair strong, the others much less distinctive, arising from the upper part of the midrib, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 0.5–2 cm. long; stipules c. 0.5 cm. long, caducous.
sex Male
Staminate inflorescences: spike 1–2.5 cm. long, c. 0.8 cm. in diam.; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Pistillate inflorescences with 5–15 flowers c. 0.5 cm. in diam., (up to c. 1 cm. in diam. in fruit); peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long. Staminate inflorescences: spike 1–2.5 cm. long, c. 0.8 cm. in diam.; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long.
sex Female
Pistillate inflorescences with 5–15 flowers c. 0.5 cm. in diam., (up to c. 1 cm. in diam. in fruit); peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid to subglobose, ± compressed, 5 x 3–5 mm.

[FTEA]

Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 35 m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Lamina chartaceous to subcoriaceous, elliptic to oblong, ovate or obovate, 3–13 × 2–8 cm., apex acuminate to subacute, base cordate to obtuse, margin crenate to serrate; upper surface pubescent on the main veins, lower surface pubescent in the axils of lateral veins; lateral veins 4–7 pairs, the basal pair strong, the others much weaker, departing from the upper part of the midrib, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 0.5–2 cm. long; stipules ± 0.5 cm. long, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Staminate inflorescences:spike 1–2.5 cm. long, ± 0.8 cm. diameter; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long. Pistillate inflorescences ± 0.5(–1 in fruit) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long.
sex Male
Staminate inflorescences:spike 1–2.5 cm. long, ± 0.8 cm. diameter; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long.
sex Female
Pistillate inflorescences ± 0.5(–1 in fruit) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid to subglobose, ± compressed, 5 × 3–5 mm.
Figures
Fig. 1.
Habitat
Rain-forest and drier evergreen forest, sometimes with Milicia and Antiaris, but apparently relatively uncommon; 450–1600 m.
Distribution
K5 T1 T3 T4 T6 T8 U2 U4 Senegal to SW. Ethiopia, south to Angola, Zambia, Mozambique and South Africa (Natal)

Native to:

Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Morus mesozygia Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 21, 1981 Tinley, K.L. [2928], Mozambique K000049666 No
Jan 1, 1978 de Winker [8525], South Africa K000049700 No
Jan 1, 1978 Moll, E.J. [3183], South Africa K000049701 No
Jan 1, 1977 Chevalier, A. [16267] K000243086 isolectotype Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Rowland [s.n.] K000243087 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Sim [5299], Mozambique K000049667 holotype Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Harris, C.M. [454 (Harris No. 48)], Uganda K000049703 No
Jan 1, 1977 Jackson, G. [1372], Malawi K000049660 No
Jan 1, 1977 Grandvaux Barbosa, L.A. [8027], Mozambique K000049662 No
Jan 1, 1977 Gomes Pedro, J. [4220], Mozambique K000049663 No
Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2061], Mozambique K000049671 No
Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2061], Mozambique K000049672 No
Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2062], Mozambique K000049673 No
Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2062], Mozambique K000049674 No
Jan 1, 1977 Pedro [1430], Mozambique K000049664 No
Jan 1, 1977 Mogg, A.O.D. [32626], Mozambique K000049665 No
Jan 1, 1977 Styles, B.T. [101], Uganda K000049702 No
Thompson, H. [s.n.] K000243088 Unknown type material Yes
Pocs, T. [8653], Tanzania K000049704 No
Gomes Pedro, J. [4201], Mozambique K000049670 No
Honey, T. [738], Mozambique K000049669 No
Gomes, A.F. [1862], Mozambique K000049675 No
Müller, T. [1806], Mozambique K000049668 No
Ruffo [1869], Tanzania K000049705 No
Fanshawe, D.B. [9319], Zambia K000049661 No

First published in J. Bot. (Morot) 22: 99 (1909)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kimpouni, V., Apani, E. & Motom, M. (2013). Analyse phytoécologique de la flore ligneuse de la Haute Sangha (République du Congo) Adansonia, sér. 3, 35: 107-134.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 38, t. 5
  • Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 29: 69–74 (incl. var. sanda A. Chev.).
  • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 55
  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 21

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
  • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Kimpouni, V., Apani, E. & Motom, M. (2013). Analyse phytoécologique de la flore ligneuse de la Haute Sangha (République du Congo) Adansonia, sér. 3, 35: 107-134.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.C. Berg in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 47: 337, fig. 16 (1977)
  • C.C. Berg in Fl. Cameroun 28: 6, t. 1 (1985).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 273 (1952).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 55 (1948).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 594 (1958).
  • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 21 (1916).
  • Stapf in Journ. de Bot., sér. 2, 2: 99 (1909).

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