Moringa borziana Mattei

First published in Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 7: 172 (1908)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Ethiopia to E. Kenya. It is a tuberous subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

Moringaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Woody herb or subshrub (? rarely a small tree - see note) with mostly a single straggling? annual stem ± 1-1.5 m. tall, often flowering when quite leafless, arising from a large tuberous root; stem pale buff-brown with purplish tinge, with even youngest parts glabrous or with microscopic indumentum, slender, about 5.5 mm. wide, longitudinally wrinkled; leaf-scars 2-4 mm. diameter.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves bipinnate, ± clustered at apex, up to 35 cm. long, glabrous even when very young; stipules and stipels well developed, ± linear, thickened, ± 2 mm. long; pinnae in 4-6 pairs; leaflets 5 or more, very pale yellow-green, elliptic to obovate, (0.9-)2.7(-3) cm. long, 0.5-1.6(-2.0) cm. wide, petiolulate, scarcely apiculate at apex, obtuse or rounded to cuneate at the base, not very thin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 4-5, clustered at apex of stem and/or more scattered lower down on abbreviated branchlets, 5-6 cm. long; axes glabrous; peduncle 1.5-3.5 cm. long; true pedicels above joint 1-1.5 mm. long; apparent stalks 1-1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic; mature buds 1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green, flushed with red, narrowly oblong, 1-1.4 cm. long, 3-4 mm. wide, obtuse, puberulous at apex but otherwise glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellowish red, ± spathulate, straight or bent, 1.4 cm. long, 4 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6.5- mostly 10-11 mm. long; anthers 1.5 mm. long; staminodes 5.5- mostly 9-11 mm.; both stamens and staminodes ± appendaged at the base and hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous, 2 mm. long, with stipe 2-3 mm. and style 5-6 mm. long, gently curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits purplish brown with waxy bloom, 11.5-20.5(-25) cm. long, 1-1.4(-2) cm. wide, each valve with 2 grooves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2.5-3.8 cm. long overall, with fertile part 12-15 × 8 mm. the central area of 6-9 × 4-5 mm., with longitudinal raised ridges and ± lateral ridges or smooth or very finely foveolate, reticulate, with 3 conspicuous wings, mostly ± joined at one end of seed but with deep sinus at other end.
Figures
Fig. 2/1, 2, 9.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland of Platycelyphium, Dobera, Terminalia, Grewia, Delonix; Acacia-Commiphora-Terminaliaorbicularis; Calyptrotheca-Boscia-Sericocomopsis, etc.;95-600 m.
Distribution
K1 K7 Somalia (S.) and perhaps (N.)
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
S3, “Giumbo, Goscia”, Macaluso s.n. (PAL holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Subshrub, shrub or spindly tree, 1–3 m tall, often with a single stem, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3-pinnate, glabrous, with 4–6 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 3–7 per pinna, elliptic-oblong to ovate or obovate, 0.9–3 x 0.5–1.6(–2) cm, yellowish-green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish red; receptacle cup-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1–1.4 cm long, puberulous at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 1.4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 11.5–20.5(–25) x 1–1.4(–2) cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed-body 1.2–1.5 cm long, conspicuously winged.
Distribution
N1; C1, 2; S2, 3; Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 30–310 m.
Vernacular
Fintir, korooto, mawe (Somali).
[FSOM]

Uses

Use
Used as a vegetable and medicinally.
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0