Moringa longituba Engl.

First published in Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 9: 251 (1904)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is E. & S. Ethiopia to N. Kenya. It is a tuberous subshrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or subshrub, 0.1–3 m tall, from a tuberous rootstock, pubescent when young, glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3-pinnate, pubescent when young, with 2 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 3–5 per pinna, oblong to obovate, 2.5–6 x 1.5–4.5 cm, rounded to emarginate at the apex, cuneate to subcordate at the base, glabrous or puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers red or yellowish, appearing when the plant is leafless; receptacle tubular 1.3–3 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 0.9–1.2 cm long, pubescent at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1.2–1.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 13.5–30 x 1.2–1.4(–2.1) cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed-body 1–1.3 cm long, with 2–3 cm long wings.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3; E Ethiopia, Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 30–740 m.
Vernacular
Mawe (Somali).
[FSOM]

Moringaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or subshrub, often with a single slender brittle stem or several virgate stems 0.9-3 m. tall, but some flowering shoots may be as little as 10 cm. long, grey pilose when young but soon glabrous; bark purple-brown or dark grey, finely longitudinally ridged when dry; tuber up to the size of a rugby football, about 30 cm. below ground.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1(cult.) -)2-3-pinnate, 15-40 cm. long, with 2 pairs of pinnae and with 3-5 leaflets, densely pubescent when very young, later glabrescent; leaflets oblong, elliptic or obovate, 2.5-6(-7 cult.) cm. long, 1.5-4.5(-5.2 cult.) cm. wide, rounded or emarginate but apiculate at the apex, cuneate, rounded or subcordate at the base, glabrous or finely puberulous, the venation ± prominent beneath; petioles up to 2.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in sparsely pilose inflorescences appearing when the plant is leafless; rachis 4 cm. long; bracts oblong, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, obtuse, sparsely pilose; stalks elongate, cylindrical, articulate, 0.5-2 cm. long, true pedicels short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle tubular, 1.3-3 cm. long, 2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals rose, linear-oblong, 0.9-1.2 cm. long, 3-4 mm. wide, deflexed, pubescent at the apex; petals paler rose to bright pink, often white at base or yellowish, linear, 1.2-1.5 cm. long, 3 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens attached to margin of receptacle on very narrow annulus, filaments 1.2 cm. long; anthers yellow-green, 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; staminodes 5, episepalous, ± as long as stamen-filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, glabrous, the stipe 5 mm. long; style white, filiform, up to 2 cm. long in young fruit but mostly as long as staminodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods purple-brown with bloom or purple-striped, 13.5-30 cm. long, 1.2-1.4(-2.1) cm. wide, each valve with 2 grooves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow-green or colourless, the body 1-1.3 cm. long, 8-9 mm. wide, transversely ridged and pitted, the wings 2-3 cm. long overall, separated by wide sinuses at the extremities.
Figures
Fig. 2/5, 6, 10.
Habitat
Open Commiphora thicket, Commiphora-Acacia bushland with scattered larger trees often on soils over limestone; 210-750 m.
Distribution
has been cultivated in K6 at Ol Lorgosailic [Orgasalik] K1
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0