Myrsine africana L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 196 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Azores, Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula to China, Taiwan. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Assam, Azores, Cape Provinces, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Socotra

Introduced into:

Great Britain

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Halliday, P. (1984). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Myrsinaceae: 1-21.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1982). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 3: 1-226. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Mehboob-ur-Rahman (2012). Wild plants of Swat, Pakistan 1: 1-281. Department of botany, govt. Jehanzeb post graduate college.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
  • Rajbhandari, K.R., Rai, S.K. & Chhetri, R. (2021). A Handbook of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 3: 1-331. Department of Plant Resources, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Taton, A. (1980). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Myrsinaceae: 1-62. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1996). Flora of China 15: 1-387. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1982). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 3: 1-226. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
  • Taton, A. (1980). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Myrsinaceae: 1-62. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1996). Flora of China 15: 1-387. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 493 (1877).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 655 (1960).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 332 (1961).
  • Dyer in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 5 (1963).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 316 (1962).
  • Gilg & Schellenberg in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 515 (1913).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 369 (1949).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 196 (1753).
  • Mez in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV.236: 340, fig. 58 (1902).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 33 (1947).
  • Taton, Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Myrsinaceae: 50, t. 9 (1980).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Goyder, D.J.; Maiato, F.; Luis, J.C. [8668] Angola K001589652 Yes
Patel, H. [7257] Mozambique K000545218 No
South Africa K000226041 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mac Owan [55] South Africa K000226045 Unknown Type Material Yes
Byrtebier, B.; et al. [237] Kenya K001400022 Yes
Patel, H. [7292] Mozambique K000545243 No
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000226037 Unknown Type Material Yes
Pappe [s.n.] South Africa K000226036 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000226043 Unknown Type Material Yes
Baur, R. [873] South Africa K000226042 Unknown Type Material Yes
South Africa K000226038 Unknown Type Material Yes
Forsyth [s.n.] South Africa K000226044 Unknown Type Material Yes
Timberlake, J. [5147] Mozambique K000613527 No
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000226039 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wild, H. [1493] Zimbabwe K:SPC-11867.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [11006] Tanzania K:SPC-28457.000 No
Garside, S. [4069] South Africa K:SPC-26973.000 No
Ash [635] Ethiopia K:SPC-37987.000 No
South Africa K000226040 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thompson, M.F. [840 3318CD] South Africa K:SPC-33209.000 No
Timberlake, J. [5473] Mozambique K000614451 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2294] Nepal Myrsine bifaria K001115583 Unknown Type Material Yes
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 2294] India Myrsine bifaria K001115584 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2294] Nepal Myrsine bifaria K001115581 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2294] Nepal Myrsine bifaria K001115582 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images