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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, woody at the base, 15–60 cm. tall with numerous stems from the base and usually a few opposite (rarely alternate by suppression) branches diverging at 30–45 degrees above.
Morphology Stem
Stem and branches terete, glabrous or thinly pilose (especially about the nodes).
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly linear to narrowly oblong, 13·40 × 3–9 mm., somewhat crisped-margined, acute to obtuse, mucronate, glabrous or thinly pilose (especially on the lower surface of younger leaves), sessile or abruptly narrowed (and in broader leaves subauriculate) into a very short petiole, often darkening on drying and commonly with fasciculiform axillary short shoots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence crimson, capitate to shortly cylindrical, 1–4 × 1.5–1.75 cm. but elongating to as much as 8.5 cm. in fruit, the axis thinly to moderately white-pilose, more or less sulcate, formed of closely set partial inflorescences.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts deltoid-ovate, scarious-margined with a firm centre, glabrous or thinly pilose, 3.5–4.5 mm. long, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles of the sterile flowers c. 5–6 mm. long, ovate, the midrib ceasing below the blunt, hyaline apex or excurrent dorsally below the apex in a short or longer rigid arista. Bracteoles of the partial inflorescences broadly deltoid-ovate, 4–5 mm. long, very concave and more or less carinate with the prominent darker midrib, which is not excurrent or very shortly so on the dorsal surface below the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Sterile flowers of a single spine becoming to c. 4–5 mm. long in fruit, swollen and more or less lanate at the base.
Sterile
Sterile flowers of a single spine becoming to c. 4–5 mm. long in fruit, swollen and more or less lanate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Outer tepal of fertile flowers c. 6.58 mm. long, oblong, 5–7-nerved, firm below and narrowly hyaline-margined above, slightly lanate dorsally near the base; remaining 4 tepals rapidly narrowing and more pilose, the innermost very narrowly lanceolate, densely lanate except about the apex, with only one faint pair of lateral nerves; all tepals with the midrib ceasing below the apex or only very shortly mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary oblong, c. 2 mm. long; style 4–5.5 mm. long, with short to very short stigmatal branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens finally 8–9 mm. long; anthers narrowly oblong, c. 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 3–3.5 mm. long; seed 2.75–3 mm. long, brown, shining, faintly reticulate.

Native to:

Angola, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

Centema subfusca (Moq.) T.Cooke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
South Africa K000243603 Unknown type material

First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5(1): 418 (1910)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0