Psidium guajava L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 470 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Tropical America. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Small tree to 12 m tall; bark pale brown or copper-coloured, thin, smooth, flaking off to reveal greenish layer beneath.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 7–15 cm long, 3–5(–7) cm wide, rounded or acute at the apex, rounded at the base, densely pubescent beneath; lateral nerves 12–20 pairs, parallel, prominent beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or in small clusters; calyx completely enclosing the young bud; lobes 9 mm long, 5 mm wide, reflexed in open flower, whitish tomentellous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, oblong-elliptic, 1.3 cm long, 8 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ± 250, ± 1 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style ± 1 cm long, slightly capitate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit light yellow with a pink or crimson blush, globose, ovoid or pyriform, 5–10 cm long with granular flesh, juicy central white or red pulp and numerous very hard seeds 3 mm long.
Habitat
Coastal and near habitations inland; 1–1200 m
Distribution
widely grown throughout East Africa and has become wild in various places in Tanzania especially down the coast and near habitations. Originally a native of South America, now widely planted throughout the tropics and subtropics K4 T3 T4 U4
[FTEA]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 50 - 2040 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Tree.
Vernacular
Goyav.
[UPB]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 2040 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbolito
[CPLC]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/49485755/49485759

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Small tree up to 10 m. tall.
Morphology General Bark
Bark smooth, pale brown, peeling over large areas; branchlets quadrangular.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 13 x 7 cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic, apex rounded or acute, base rounded; lower surface densely puberulous; lateral nerves in c. 16 pairs, parallel, prominent beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, solitary, axillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx completely enclosing the young flower-bud; lobes c. 0·9 x 0·5 cm., in open flower reflexed. Ungulate, whitish-tomentellous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 1·3 x 0·8 cm., oblong-elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 1 cm. long, slightly capitate at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry up to 10 cm. long, globose, ovoid or pyriform, usually yellow, with white, yellow or crimson flesh.
[FZ]

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
GUAVA
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree rarely over 7 m tall, with 4-angled branchlets; leaves elliptic or oblong, mostly 7–14 cm long, prominently veined, the apex obtuse or acute, beneath clothed with soft, greyish, mostly appressed hairs; tissue with numerous pellucid dots
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually solitary in the leaf-axils, the peduncles 1–2 cm long; calyx completely closed in bud, the mature buds 1.3–1.6 cm long, puberulous toward the base. Petals white, 1–1.2 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style about as long as the petals, with flat, peltate stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry globose or pear-shaped, 2–6 cm long, with pinkish or yellowish edible flesh and numerous small seeds.
Distribution
Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac. Widely distributed in the American tropics, often planted and naturalised, its true natural range not known; introduced in the Old World tropics.
[Cayman]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 50–2040 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Small tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Guayaba, Guayaba común, Guayaba manzana, Guayaba pera, Guayabo, Guayabo colorado, Guayabo dulce, Jujuli (Sikuani), Jujulinae (Sikuani), Vayavacù (Cubeo)
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
guayaba, guayaba común, guayaba dulce, guayaba manzana, guayaba pera, guayabo, guayabo colorado, guayabo dulce, guayabo pera
[UNAL]

Uses

Use Food
Food (Pérez Arbeláez 1996).
Use Materials Tannins/Dyestuffs
Used to dye different types of fibers (Spanger 2004).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Blood System Disorders
Used in the treatment of anaemia (Toscano-González 2006).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Common Grey Sage Bush, Guava
French
Goyave.
Spanish
Guayabo, guayaba.

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/