Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

First published in Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 248: 25 (1912)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Queensland. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as a medicine and invertebrate food and for fuel and food.

Distribution

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Belize, Bolivia, Caroline Is., Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Kenya, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, New Caledonia, Panamá, Philippines, Society Is., Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago. Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam). Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu. Blumea 58: 53-67.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.427.2.2/38099. epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago. Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Holst, B.K. (2008). Personal communication on Myratceae 8 SEL.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sachet, M.-H. (1983). Takapoto atoll, Tuamotu archipelago: terrestrial vegetation and flora. Atoll Research Bulletin 277: 1-41.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu. Blumea 58: 53-67.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.): 116 (1931).
  • Amshoff in Fl. Gabon 11: 17 (1966).
  • Ashton in Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 2: 443 (1981).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 127 (1994).
  • Dale, Introd. Trees Uganda: 66 (1953).
  • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 4: 203 (1978).
  • J.F. Morton, Fruits Warm Climates: 375, pl. 52 (1987).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 379 (1949).
  • Skeels in U.S. Dept. Agric. Bur. Pl. Indust. Bull. 248: 25 (1912).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 1, 2009 Monyrak [103], Cambodia K000565232 Yes
May 1, 2008 Hamilton, M.A. et al. [MH 306], Montserrat K000566950 Yes
May 1, 2008 Hamilton [MH 318], Montserrat K000566951 Yes
May 1, 2008 Hamilton, M.A. [318], Montserrat 65315.000 No
May 9, 2005 Wood [16460], Bolivia K000261581 Yes
Harrison, S.G. [1788], Guyana 14464.000 No
Faulkner, H. [2752], Tanzania 33311.000 No
Pennington, T.D. [17080], Peru 73405.000 No
Mueller-Dombois, D. [68091108], Sri Lanka K000276779 No
Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India K000821369 Yes
s.coll. [21], India K000821372 Yes
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000821373 Yes
Welch, J.R. [261], Tanzania K000684211 Yes
Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India K000821370 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Lesser Sunda Is. K000800143 Yes
Worthington, T.B. [6407], Sri Lanka K000276778 No
Dorr, L.J. [3258], Madagascar K000383233 Yes
s.coll. [17], India K000821374 Yes
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000821376 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000800141 Yes
Wallich, N. [3562], India K000821378 Yes
Harmann [s.n.], India K000821371 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000800142 Yes
Wallich, N. [3562], India K000821377 Yes
Tso, C.L. [23006], Hainan K000793873 isotype Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000821375 Yes
Barthelat, F. [617], Mayotte Eugenia cumini K001001443 Yes
Barthelat, F. [718], Mayotte Eugenia cumini K001001442 Yes
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 3552], Bangladesh Syzygium obovatum K001119702 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3552] Syzygium obovatum K001119701 Yes
Ekman, E.L. [H3984], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002606 Yes
Ekman, E.L. [H10705], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002604 Yes
Leonard, E.C. [15027], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002607 Yes
Ekman, E.L. [8633], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002605 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119728 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119730 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119725 Yes
Noton, E. [Cat. no. 3562], India Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119727 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119729 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119726 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119713 Yes
Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India Syzygium fruticosum K000821368 Yes
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 3559], Bangladesh Syzygium fruticosum K001119715 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119716 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119712 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119714 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3570], India Syzygium tenue K001119752 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560] Syzygium jambolanum K001119717 Yes
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3560], India Syzygium jambolanum K001119719 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560], India Syzygium jambolanum K001119721 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560] Syzygium jambolanum K001119722 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3560] Syzygium jambolanum K001119718 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3560], Nepal Syzygium jambolanum K001119723 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560], India Syzygium jambolanum K001119720 Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0