Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

First published in Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 248: 25 (1912)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Queensland. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as a medicine and invertebrate food and for fuel and food.


IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

LC - least concern

Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen tree 6–15 m. tall.
Morphology General Bark
Bark rough, dark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 13 x 5 cm., elliptic or oblanceolate-elliptic, apex subacuminate or shortly acuminate, base cuneate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lateral, lax panicle, mostly borne in the axils of fallen leaves on older stems, very rarely also axillary or terminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle (including pseudopedicel) + calyx c. 0·5 cm. long; calyx + upper receptacle 0·2 cm. long; filaments 0·5–0·6 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 2·4 x 2 cm., ellipsoid or subglobose.

Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean. Elevation range: 150–2430 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Cesar, Cundinamarca, Valle del Cauca.
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Aceituno dulce

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 150 - 2430 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E.

Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.

aceituno, aceituno dulce, jambolán, pomarroso, uva, uvito, yambolán

Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous evergreen tree or large shrub, 6–25 m tall with spreading crown; outer bark pale yellow brown, white or grey, densely thinly flaky (described as rough or smooth); inner bark rough, thick and fibrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shiny, mostly very regularly oblong-elliptic but can be elliptic, oblanceolate-elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 6–17(–20) cm long, 2.5–8.5 cm wide, acuminate to a rounded tip which is often down-curved, cuneate at the base; ± coriaceous; main lateral nerves numerous and close, ± 40; petiole 0.8–2 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal and axillary, or mostly lateral borne in the axils of fallen leaves on older stems, about 10 cm long; flowers drying pale orange-brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx often drying orange-brown, obconic, 4–5 mm long, 3–4 mm wide, very obscurely 4(–5)-lobed, practically truncate, rim orange.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, elliptic, 4 mm long, 3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens white, 4–6 mm long with very slender filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5–6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits dark purple-red, broadly ellipsoid, oblong or subglobose, often somewhat curved, 2.4–3.5(–5) cm long, 2 cm wide (2x1 cm dry), crowned by 2 mm diameter calyx-rim, 1-seeded (rarely 2–5-seeded or seedless in some varieties); pulp white, acid.
Native plots, plantation edges, seashore and coastal bush and savanas on coral rock, more or less naturalised in some coastal areas; 0–1650 m
K4 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 U4 Z India, Sri Lanka to S China, Malesia and Pacificcultivated throughout tropics and often naturalised


Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Common Names

Jambolan, Java Plum


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  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

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