Family:
Myrtaceae Juss.

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston

This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to China (S. Yunnan) and W. Malesia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 30–2350 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[FZ]

Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen tree up to 15 m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 20 x 5·5 cm., narrowly lanceolate, apex attenuate-subacuminate, base cuneate; lateral nerves widely spaced, up to 1 cm. apart.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a ± 5–6-flowered terminal corymb; pedicels c. 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle (including pseudopedicel) + calyx c. 1·8 cm. long, upper receptacle 0·2–0·4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 4, 0·5 x 0·8 cm. long, hemi-orbicular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, c. 1·8 x 1·2 cm., obovate, acute, caducous, not calyptrate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments c. 4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 4·5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 4·5 cm. in diameter, pyriform, white or yellowish, tinged with rose.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 30 - 2350 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Tree.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 2350 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Small tree
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate, up to 20 x 5.5 cm, acute or subacuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, with widely spaced (c. 1 cm) lateral nerves; petiole c. 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences few-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium (including pedicel-like lower part) and calyx together c. 18 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 40 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits pear-shaped, up to 4.5 cm in diam., tinged with rose.
Distribution
Recorded as planted in N1 or N2 in Cuf. Enum.: 626 (1959); native of tropical Asia
Vernacular
Rose apple (English).

[FTEA]

Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Much branched bushy glabrous evergreen tree, 7.5–15 m tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate, 8–20 cm long, 1.3–5.5 cm wide, very acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, ± coriaceous; petiole 5–10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± 5 cm in diameter, in terminal corymbs; pedicels 3–9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes broadly rounded, 5–8 mm long, 8–12 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white or yellowish, ± round, 1.5 cm diameter, concave.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens yellow, very conspicuous, 3–4 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4–5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit white or pale yellow, rose-tinged, subglobose or pyriform, 2.5–5 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, 1-seeded, the flesh edible and rose-scented.
Habitat
Cultivated but in Zanzibar undoubtedly naturalised in forest on loam over coral; cultivated 0–1350 m, only known to be naturalised at 10–20 m
Distribution
K T1 T3 T6 U Z native of tropical Asia now widely cultivated throughout the tropics and occasionally naturalised

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
manzanita de rosa, poma, pomarrosa, pomarrosa común, pomarroso, pomo, pomorroso, pomorroso de Castilla

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

[UPB]
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

[FSOM]
Use
Widely grown in the tropics for its edible fruit.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Belize, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Madeira, Marianas, Marquesas, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Society Is., Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

Spanish
Pomarroso, jambos, manzana rosa, yambo.

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK3163], Vietnam K000566658 Yes
May 1, 2010 Hamilton, M.A. et al. [MH786], Montserrat K000566952 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Luke, W.R.Q. et al. [13402], Guinea K000566711 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Lim, S.P. [S90455], Malaysia K000566539 Yes
Mar 30, 2009 Kamarudin [FRI 38520], Malaya K000565313 Yes
Mar 30, 2009 Lee [EL 33], Malaya K000565331 Yes
Jan 1, 2005 Beccari, O. [3871], Sarawak K000258585 Yes
Jan 1, 2005 Haviland, G.D. [2146], Sarawak K000258586 isotype Yes
Jul 13, 2004 Wong [2211], Sabah K000170898 Yes
Jul 13, 2004 Kulip [135986], Sabah K000170896 Yes
Jul 13, 2004 Kessler et al. [1874], Kalimantan K000170894 Yes
Jan 1, 1999 Coudreau, M. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383235 Yes
Jan 1, 1999 Rabe, J. [61], Madagascar K000383234 Yes
Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [6107], Cameroon K000050104 Yes
Welwitsch, F.M.J. [4589] K000800483 Yes
Decary, M.R. [26640], Madagascar K000383236 Yes
Scott-Elliot, G.F. [2227], Madagascar K000383242 Yes
s.coll. [1238], Peninsular Malaysia K000786838 Yes
Hodgkin, H.T. [64], Madagascar K000383239 Yes
Major, F. [37], Madagascar K000383237 Yes
Baron, R. [2502], Madagascar K000383241 Yes
s.coll. [1238], Peninsular Malaysia K000786840 Yes
s.coll. [735], Singapore K000786839 Yes
s.coll. [4590] K000800484 Yes
Hildebrandt, J.M. [4067], Madagascar K000383240 Yes
Baron, R. [4184], Madagascar K000383238 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3608] Eugenia decora K001119806 Yes
Jeffrey, C., Seychelles Eugenia jambos 22890.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119827 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119828 Yes
Kamrup [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119831 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119833 Yes
Humblot, M. [s.n.], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001437 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119826 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119830 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119824 Yes
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1598], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001438 Yes
Noton, E. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119832 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119823 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 3615], Malaysia Eugenia jambos K001119834 Yes
Jack, W. [Cat. no. 3615], Malaysia Eugenia jambos K001119829 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119825 Yes
Schlieben, H.J. [11157], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001436 Yes

First published in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 115 (1931)

Accepted by

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  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
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  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
  • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
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  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
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