Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) B.K.Simon & S.W.L.Jacobs

First published in Austrobaileya 6: 572 (2003)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, Arabian Peninsula. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine and has environmental uses.

Distribution

Native to:

Aldabra, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Ascension, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Malaya, Mali, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Muer, T., Sauerbier, H. & Cabrara Calixto, F. (2020). Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras: 1-792. Verlag und Versandbuchhandlung Andreas Kleinsteuber.
  • Plunkett, G.M., Ranker, T.A., Sam, C. & Balick, M.J. (2022). Towards a checklist of the vascular flora of Vanuatu. Candollea 77: 105-118.
  • Powell, A.M. & Worthington, R.D. (2018). Flowering plants of Trans-Pecos Texas and adjacent areas: 1-1444. BRIT Press.
  • Whistler, W.A. (2022). Flora of Samoa Flowering Plants: 1-930. National Tropical Botanicl Garden. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Panicum maximum.]

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Listado de especies de Productos No Maderables del caribe colombiano. 366 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Espitia Palencia, L. (Proveedor del metadatos). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059519 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059511 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059506 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059507 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059507 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059508 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059508 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059521 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059510 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059512 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059513 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059514 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059516 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059517 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059518 No
Feb 19, 2014 K001059520 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059522 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059523 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059515 No
Feb 19, 2014 Brazil K001059509 No
s.coll. [146] Italy Panicum compressum K000674307 Unknown Type Material Yes
Apr 11, 2002 Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467918 Yes
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1545] Cameroon Panicum maximum K000107874 Yes
Jan 2, 1985 Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467909 Yes
Apr 13, 1978 Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467904 Yes
Dec 6, 1973 Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467917 Yes
Nov 18, 1973 Peru Panicum maximum K001467924 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S.; Souza, R.; Santos, R.R. [9259] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059509 Yes
Nov 1, 1935 unknown [s.n.] Guinea Panicum maximum K000257020 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1913 Dusén, P. [14023] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059514 Yes
Lobo, S. [1792] Costa Rica Panicum maximum K001528881 Yes
Chuml, H. [246] Cameroon Panicum maximum K000182332 Yes
Gardner [1873] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003780 Yes
Brunt, M.A. [1040] Cameroon Panicum maximum K000182333 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [1711] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059523 Yes
Drège South Africa Panicum maximum K000255541 Type Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8715] Panicum maximum K001131358 Unknown Type Material Yes
Pohl [1152] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059522 Yes
Lobo, S. [1769] Costa Rica Panicum maximum K001516848 Yes
Lobo, S. [1930] Costa Rica Panicum maximum K001561359 Yes
Laegaard, S. [21751] Thailand Panicum maximum K000682751 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8715] Panicum maximum K001131357 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M.; Renvoize, S.A. [16628] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003776 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8715] Panicum maximum K001131355 Unknown Type Material Yes
Illegible [81] Mexico Panicum maximum K003412055 No
Bidgood, S.; Merrett, L.; Vollesen, K. [9287] Zambia Panicum maximum K001571887 Yes
Gaudichaud-Beaupre, C. [s.n.] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059516 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [s.n.] Thailand Panicum maximum K000620760 No
Bolland, G. [0] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003769 No
Rakotonirina, G.A.; Antilahimena, P.; Syde, A.R. [155] Madagascar Panicum maximum K001890569 No
Smitinand, T. [4841] Thailand Panicum maximum K000682752 No
Banks, J. [s.n.] Jamaica Panicum maximum K000309161 Type Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8715] Panicum maximum K001131359 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8715] Panicum maximum K001131353 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lobo, S. [1787] Costa Rica Panicum maximum K001516873 Yes
Marsden, J. [s.n.] Uganda Panicum maximum K001553734 Yes
Bidgood, S.; Merrett, L.; Vollesen, K. [8840] Zambia Panicum maximum K001571894 Yes
Calderon, C.E.; Pinheiro, R.S. [2221] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003770 No
Hatschbach, G.G. [14083] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059512 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8715] Panicum maximum K001131354 Unknown Type Material Yes
Swainson [s.n.] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059519 Yes
Harley, R.M.; Renvoize, S.A. [16628] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003775 No
Lemos Froes, R. [19942] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003772 Yes
Holst, C. [8716] Tanzania Panicum maximum K000255575 Syntype Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8715] Panicum maximum K001131356 Unknown Type Material Yes
Chevalier, A. [9543] Central African Republic Panicum maximum K000255585 Unknown Type Material Yes
Humbert, H.; Capuron, R. [28804] Madagascar Panicum maximum K001096176 Type Yes
Gardner [0] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003778 Yes
Chevalier, A. [9625] Central African Republic Panicum maximum K000255586 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Panicum maximum K001059520 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [5437] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059510 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [152] Cameroon Panicum maximum K000182335 Yes
Calderon, C.E.; Pinheiro, R.S. [2221] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003774 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [4333] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059513 Yes
Hoehne, W. [12697] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059511 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [1474] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059518 Yes
Swainson [s.n.] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059521 Yes
Grupo Pedra do Cavalo [10] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003773 No
Maitland, T.D. [332] Cameroon Panicum maximum K000182334 Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Peru Panicum maximum K000201669 Yes
Tweedie, J. [s.n.] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059517 Yes
Noblick, L.R.; Lemos, M.J. [2613] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003777 No
Maitland, T.D. [15] Cameroon Panicum maximum K000182336 Yes
Menyhart [898] Mozambique Panicum maximum K000282439 Unknown Type Material Yes
Eiten, G.; Eiten, L.T. [10318] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059506 Yes
Philcox, D.; Ramos, J.; Souza, R. [3158] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059507 Yes
Thronning [s.n.] Guinea Panicum maximum K000257022 Type Yes
Thronning [s.n.] Guinea Panicum maximum K000257023 Type Yes
Smith, H.H. [2153] Colombia Panicum maximum K001467914 Yes
Riedel [952] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059515 Yes
Noblick, L.R. [3282] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003771 No
Thomas [123] Kenya Panicum maximum K000255576 Syntype Yes
Gardner [1873] Brazil Panicum maximum K000003779 Yes
Vogel [128] Sierra Leone Panicum maximum K000257021 Type Yes
Irwin, H.S.; Soderstrom, T.R. [5531] Brazil Panicum maximum K001059508 Yes
Panama Panicum maximum K001467896 Yes
Panama Panicum maximum K001467897 Yes
Panama Panicum maximum K001467898 Yes
Panama Panicum maximum K001467899 Yes
Panama Panicum maximum K001467900 Yes
Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467901 Yes
Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467902 Yes
Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467903 Yes
Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467905 Yes
Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467906 Yes
Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467907 Yes
Venezuela Panicum maximum K001467908 Yes
Galapagos Panicum maximum K001467910 Yes
Colombia Panicum maximum K001467911 Yes
Colombia Panicum maximum K001467912 Yes
Colombia Panicum maximum K001467913 Yes
Smith, H.H. [2153], Colombia Panicum maximum K001467914 Yes
Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467915 Yes
Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467916 Yes
Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467919 Yes
Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467920 Yes
Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467921 Yes
Ecuador Panicum maximum K001467922 Yes
Peru Panicum maximum K001467923 Yes
Peru Panicum maximum K001467925 Yes
Peru Panicum maximum K001467926 Yes
Peru Panicum maximum K001467927 Yes
Peru Panicum maximum K001467928 Yes
Ho, B.C. [21-119] Singapore Urochloa maxima K001528784 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [4823] Mexico Urochloa maxima K000476075 No

Sources

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    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
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  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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