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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, S. India.
Schoenoplectus senegalensis (Steud.) J. Raynal

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Ethiopia, Gafta, Schimper 1194 (B, holo., not found; K!, P, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial (fide Greenway).
Morphology Roots
Roots shallow.
Morphology Stem
Stems tufted, many, bright green, 1–30 cm long (excluding erect inflorescence bract, which may add another 5–30 cm), round or angular, 0.3–1.6 mm thick, hollow with transverse septa, ± smooth
Morphology Leaves
Leaves absent.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Leaf-sheath pale brown, rarely reddish near base, ending in an acute triangular lobe; sometimes with cleistogamous flower with style to 20 mm and nutlet 2–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense, apparently lateral cluster of 1–25 sessile spikelets; main inflorescence bract stem-like, dark green, 5–30 cm long and usually longer than the stem, flattened and to 2.5 mm wide, with transverse septa.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets yellow-green turning golden brown, ovoid, 3–9 × 2–4 mm, acute to obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes pale brown with darker apex and with pale green midrib, ovate to triangular, 2.5–3.2 mm long, concave, shortly mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 0.8–0.9 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet dark brown, obovoid, 0.9–1.5 × 0.8–1.2 mm, sharply 3-angled, strongly transversely wrinkled on flat sides, but not on edges
Figures
Fig. 6, p32
Ecology
Temporary pools or ditches, often within the dry bushland zone, or stream- or lake-side swamps, a weed of old rice paddies, or in shallow pools on rocky outcrops; may be in up to 20 cm deep water; (90–)200–1900 m
Distribution
Range: Widespread in tropical and South Africa;Egypt, India Flora districts: U1 U2 U4 K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Diagnostic
Similar to the preceding (Scirpus articulatus) species in the septate stems and pseudolateral inflorescence but much more slender with smaller, catkin-like, often very obtuse spikelets
Ecology
Edge of standing water, marshes, temporary pools on laterite.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tufted annual with few–many crowded stems
Morphology Stem
Stems 1–30 cm long below the inflorescence, or total length 6–60 cm when including the bract, 0.3–1.6 mm thick, terete to somewhat angular, hollow with transverse septa
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Leaf-sheaths pale to light reddish, without blades
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 1–25 sessile spikelets in an apparently lateral globose cluster; major inflorescence-bract stem-like or flattened, 5–30 cm long, with some transverse septa, much longer than the stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 3–9 x 2–4 mm, ovoid, obtuse, golden brown to bronze-coloured
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 2.5–3.2 mm long, broadly ovate, very concave, pale golden below, darker above, often ending in a short indistinct mucro; midrib distinct only near apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 3 branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet 1.2–1.5 mm long, obovate, triangular with concave sides, strongly transversely wrinkled on the 3 sides, dark brown when mature
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Basal flowers sometimes present and producing 2–2.5 mm long nutlets.
Distribution
S1, 3 tropical and South Africa, Egypt and India
Ecology
Altitude range c. 20–200 m.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Central African Repu, Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Guinea, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Schoenoplectiella senegalensis (Steud.) Lye appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper [1194], Ethiopia Schoenoplectus senegalensis K000416859
Bidgood, S. [6062], Tanzania Schoenoplectus senegalensis K000468363
Röttler, J.P. [s.n.], India Schoenoplectus senegalensis K001057187 syntype
Heyne, B. [3458] Schoenoplectus senegalensis K001057188
Schimper [1113], Ethiopia Schoenoplectus senegalensis K000416860
Bidgood, S. [6232], Tanzania Schoenoplectus senegalensis K000468196
Jacob, K.C. [460], Andhra Pradesh Schoenoplectus senegalensis K001057189
Jacob, K.C. [18517], Andhra Pradesh Schoenoplectus senegalensis K001057186 syntype

First published in Lidia 6: 27 (2003)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Lidia 6, 1: 27 (2003).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/