Rubus bifrons Vest

First published in Steiermärk. Z. 3: 163 (1821)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Doubtfully present in:

Yugoslavia

Native to:

Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, Ukraine

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., South Carolina, Sweden, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Ferrez, Y. & Royer, J.-M. (2021). Le genre Rubus dans le Nord-Est de la France: 1-362. GREFFE.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014). Flora of North America North of Mexico 9: 1-713. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Jansen, W. & Gregor, T. (2021). Rubi Hassici - die Brombeeren Hessens. Kochia, Beih. 2: 3-574.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kurtto, A., Weber, H.E., Lampinen, R. & Sennikov, A.N. (2010). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 15: 1-362.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2021). https://doi.org/10.18387/polibotanica.51.1. epublication.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014). Flora of North America North of Mexico 9: 1-713. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kurtto, A., Weber, H.E., Lampinen, R. & Sennikov, A.N. (2010). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 15: 1-362.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Goldman, D. [4049] United States K004677338 Yes
Goldman, D. [4049] United States K004677339 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images