Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herb.

This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. South Sudan to S. Africa.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulb to 25 cm wide, partially exposed above ground.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves bluish-green, prominently nerved, stiff, up to 50 × 1.5–4.2 cm, glabrous, developing after the flowers; younger leaves with a toothed whitish cartilaginous margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 5–25 cm long with a large roundish inflorescence; spathe valves 4–9 × 1–3.8 cm, erect in young inflorescences.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 10–200, pink to dark purple, closely packed into a ball, sweet-scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels angular, 3–8.2 cm long at anthesis, elongating to 32 cm in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube narrowly funnel-shaped, shorter than the segments, 0.3–1.2 cm long; segments gradually spreading, recurved towards the apex with slightly incurved margins, 20–30 × 2–4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 2.3–4.8 cm long; anthers yellow, about 3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style up to 4.6 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3-angled, elongate, up to 4 cm long, with irregular dehiscence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed dispersed through whole inflorescence detaching and being tumbled by wind.
Distribution
Widespread particularly in the eastern part of Africa from South Africa to Kenya and Uganda.
Ecology
In grassland and wooded grassland; 200–2500 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species, not threatened.

[FTEA]

Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Bulb up to 25 cm. in diameter, the upper part with dry loose tunics of old leaf-bases, often emergent from the ground.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves grey-green or glaucous, up to 60 cm. long, 1.5–4 cm. broad, glabrous, developing after the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 5–30 cm. long, with a globose inflorescence of 50 to more than 100 flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels angular, 3–8 cm. long at anthesis, elongating up to 40 cm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink to dark purple; tube narrowly funnel-shaped, always shorter than the segments, 0.5–2 cm.; segments gradually spreading, recurved towards the apex, with slightly incurved margins, 2–3 cm. long, 2–4 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments 3–4.5 cm. long; anthers yellow, 2.5–3.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule triquetrous, up to 3 cm. long, with irregular dehiscence, often sterile.
Figures
Fig. 6.
Habitat
Grassland or wooded grassland often on well drained soils; 200–2500 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Boophone disticha (L.f.) Herb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Gorder [7587], Angola K000554742 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2679], Zambia 15593.000 No
Bullock, A.A. [1214], Zambia 17325.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [1126], Kenya 17326.000 No
17327.000 No
Bullock, A.A. [1929], Tanzania 23552.000 No
Duff, C.E., Zambia 23632.000 No
Kevela, L. 35995.000 No
Leedal [5601], Tanzania 41165.000 No
Hood, J.A. 45572.000 No
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000366062 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Bot. Mag. 52: t. 2578 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Bot. Mag. 52: t.2578 (1825).
  • in F.T.A. 7: 392 (1898).
  • ―Baker in F.C. 6: 242 (1896);
  • ―Dyer in Fl. Pl. Afr. 29: t.1141 (1953).
  • ―Geerinck in F.A.C., Amaryllidaceae: 6 (1973).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 708, fig. (1974).
  • Bak. in Fl. Cap. 6: 242 (1896)
  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 392 (1898).
  • Dyer in Fl. PL Afr. 29, t. 1141 (1953).
  • Geerinck in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Amaryll.: 6 (1973).
  • Herb. in Bot. Mag. 52, sub t. 2578 (1825).

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