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This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Iran.
Legousia speculum-veneris

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb
Morphology Stem
Stem erect or ascending, usually branching from base, scabrid with short, reflexed, stiff hairs, 10–30 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, serrulate or shallowly serrate, usually scabrid, lower leaves ovate, upper leaves oblong-lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or in terminal cymes, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes linear or linear-lanceolate, about as long as the ovary at flowering
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla rotate, scabrid or sometimes nearly smooth, ± 10 mm; lobes mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens free; filaments short, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style viscid, hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong, constricted at apex.
Ecology
Mountains, and fallow fields; alt. 900–1400 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Mar.-May.
Distribution
Apparently rare in the mountains of northern Iraq; citations from Fl. Iranica. C & S Europe, Cyprus, Crete, Syria, Caucasus, Turkey, W Iran.

Native to:

Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Netherlands, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Algeria, Czechoslovakia, Egypt

Legousia speculum-veneris (L.) Chaix appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Western, A.C. [133], Israel K000286210
Meyers, F.S. [711], Jordan K000286209

First published in D.Villars, Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 1: 338 (1786)

Accepted by

  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Chaix in Vill., Pl. Dauph. 1: 338 (1786);
  • Damboldt in Fl. Turk. 6: 85 (1978).
  • Fedorov in Fl. URSS 24: 428 (1957);
  • Rech. f. & Schiman-Czeika in Fl. Iranica 13: 6 (1965);
  • Zohary, Fl. Palaest. 3: 283 (1978);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/