Crocus vernus (L.) Hill

First published in Veg. Syst. 10: 1 (1765)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Alps to W. Balkan Peninsula. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Kentucky

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Colasante, M.A. (2014). Iridaceae presenti in Italia: 1-415. Sapienza, Università Editrice, Roma.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Peruzzi, L., Carta, A. & Garbari, F. (2013). Lectotypification of the name Crocus sativus var. vernus L. (Iridaceae) and its consequences within Crocus ser. Verni. Taxon 62: 1037-1040.
  • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Rukšāns, J. (2010). Crocuses. A complete guide to the genus: 1-216. Timber Press, Portland, London.
  • Rukšāns, J. (2017). The World of Crocuses: 1-568. The Latvian Academy of Sciences.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Rukšāns, J. (2017). The World of Crocuses: 1-568. The Latvian Academy of Sciences.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Ball, J. [s.n.] Italy K002966571 No
Losnik K:SPC-19035.000 No
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3432] Montenegro K002966481 Yes
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3412] Bosnia and Herzegovina K002966476 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 280] United Kingdom K000914598 Yes
Fleischer [s.n.] K001691234 Yes
Joad, G.C. [s.n.] Italy K001617354 No
s.coll. [s.n.] France K001617355 No
Drenkovski, R. [s.n.] Montenegro K002966470 Yes
{Paulin} [s.n.] K002966474 Yes
Ellacombe, H.N. [s.n.] K001617277 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K002969399 Yes
Thompson, H.P. K:SPC-19033.000 No
Clarke [s.n.] K002969453 No
Ilic [s.n.] Serbia K:SPC-19034.000 No
Cook, H.; Cook, M. [3411] Croatia K002966477 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 280] United Kingdom K000914597 Yes
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3402] Slovenia K002966482 Yes
K:SPC-22404.000 No
Drenkovski, R. [s.n.] Montenegro K002966467 Yes
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3202] K002966478 Yes
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3413] North Macedonia K002966475 Yes
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3421] Bosnia and Herzegovina K002966483 Yes
Drenkovski, R. [117] Croatia K002966485 Yes
Prasil, M. [s.n.] K002966472 Yes
Crook, H.; Croook, M. [3208] Bosnia and Herzegovina K002966484 Yes
Deschmann; Witasek [s.n.] K002966473 Yes
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3435] North Macedonia K002966479 Yes
Crook, H.; Crook, M. [3433] Montenegro K002966480 Yes
{Gander} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966522 Yes
{Hasse} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966542 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [18865] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966554 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966529 Yes
Bevers [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966502 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966500 Yes
{Sauter} [556] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966518 Yes
Bevers [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966503 Yes
{Hoppe} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966537 Yes
Mathannet, R. [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966568 Yes
{Hoppe} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966540 Yes
{Arnaud, M.A.; Arnaud} [10] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966553 Yes
[Gandon] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K001735809 Yes
{Huter} [S.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966534 Yes
[R.R.] [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966563 Yes
Skrenberger, J. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966509 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966510 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Germany Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966493 Yes
Gabriel Strobl, P. [s.n.] Italy Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966574 Yes
{Willmott, E.A.; C. Pin.} [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966556 Yes
{Hornschuch} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966511 Yes
{Gander} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966526 Yes
Woodward, A.S. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966495 Yes
Vetter, O. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966494 Yes
Ball, J. [s.n.] Italy Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966576 Yes
Chesterman, D.D. [214] Italy Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966580 Yes
{Gander} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966521 Yes
Schweiz [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966501 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966499 Yes
[Lantaret] [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966555 Yes
[Hafner] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966533 Yes
Cook, H.; Cook, M. [1484] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966551 Yes
{Edmonds} [40] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966548 Yes
{Bordère} [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966564 Yes
Willmott, E.A.; Billiet, P. [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966559 Yes
Aust, C. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966543 Yes
Chesterman, D.D. [215] Italy Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966579 Yes
Churchill, G.C. [s.n.] Italy Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966517 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966516 Yes
Stein, B.A. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966514 Yes
{Sauter; Braun, A.} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966519 Yes
[Macalister Hall] [s.n.] Italy Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966572 Yes
A.[illegible] [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966550 Yes
Meebold, A. [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966561 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966498 Yes
Kerner, A.; Baenitz, C. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966515 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966573 Yes
{Gander} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966523 Yes
[Huber] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K001735810 Yes
Oester, N.; Brandmeyer, E. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966539 Yes
Price, W.R. [1398] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966569 Yes
{Gander} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966524 Yes
Perrier, E. [15] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966575 Yes
Oberleitner; Schultz, F. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966545 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966506 Yes
{Willmott, E.A.; Lanner} [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966558 Yes
G.C.C.; Schweiz, S. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966504 Yes
[Elsmann] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966536 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966532 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966567 Yes
Oberleilner; Schultz, F. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966544 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966552 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966530 Yes
Einsele, A.; Schultz, F. [s.n.] Germany Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966492 Yes
Oberleitner; Schultz, F. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966546 Yes
Aust, C. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966538 Yes
Murray, R.T. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966496 Yes
Wóhel, G.F. [[1039/33]] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966528 Yes
[illegible] [4454] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966562 Yes
DDC [190] Italy Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966578 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966560 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [18932] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966507 Yes
Reverchon, E.; Derbès, A. [92] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966566 Yes
Oberleitner; Schultz, F. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966547 Yes
{Pr. Genevam.} [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966505 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966513 Yes
[Hoppe] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966535 Yes
Skrenberger, J. [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966508 Yes
{Willmott, E.A.; Bourgeau} [s.n.] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966557 Yes
Townsend, C.C. [79/27] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966549 Yes
{Perreymond} [100] France Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966565 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966531 Yes
{Gander} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966527 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966497 Yes
Elsmann [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966520 Yes
{Gander} [s.n.] Austria Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus K002966525 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images