Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Russian Far East to E. China and Japan.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; scaly. Culms erect; 90-250 cm long; 5-8 mm diam. Culm-internodes 5-20 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-80 cm long; 10-30 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes few, or numerous; 8-40; digitate; drooping, or ascending; 10-35 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-10 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete; glabrous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform; 4-8 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; unequal; 1.5-7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; 0.8-1 mm wide; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 2-4 length of spikelet.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; 0.8-1 mm wide; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 2-4 length of spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; dark brown; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume margins ciliate (hairs to 15mm). Lower glume apex entire; acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.8 length of spikelet; hyaline; 3 -veined; ciliate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 0-1 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; muticous, or mucronate. Palea 0.5 length of lemma. Palea apex ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, China, and eastern Asia.
Reference
Andropogoneae. Koyama.

Native to:

Amur, China North-Central, China Southeast, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Primorye

Introduced into:

Arkansas, Austria, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Ontario, Poland, Québec, Vermont, Wisconsin

Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Steward, A.N. [2562], China K001064354 Yes
Licent, E. [8618], China K001064357 Yes
Licent, E. [3008], China K001064359 Yes
Henry, A. [7507], China K001064381 Yes
Licent, E. [6958], China K001064383 Yes
Ohwi, J. [s.n.], Japan K001064560 Yes
Furuse, M. [42574], Japan K001064625 Yes
Komarov, V.L. [121], Russian Federation K001064345 Yes
David, A. [s.n.], China K001064379 Yes
Ulianov, T.N. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064346 Yes
Williams, S.W. [11451], China K001064385 Yes
Faber, E. [1533], China K001064356 Yes
Suzuki, S. [389], Japan K001064622 Yes
Chow, K.S. [80339], China K001064382 Yes
Ulianov, T.N. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064347 Yes
Satomi, N. [1226], Japan K001064561 Yes
Togashi, M. [7327], Japan K001064624 Yes
Furuse, M. [42574], Japan K001064626 Yes
Davis, D. [7], Korea K001064621 Yes
Wang, T.P. [3598], China K001064353 Yes
Maingay, A.C. [574], China K001064380 Yes
Guocheng-yong [20064 377 9], China K001064360 Yes
David, A. [s.n.], China K001064386 Yes
Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.] K001064348 Yes
Licent, E. [6959], Shaanxi K001064355 Yes
Togashi, M. [676], Japan K001064562 Yes
Furuse, M. [29976], Japan K001064623 Yes
Henry, A. [5123], China K001064358 Yes
Licent, E. [7742], China K001064384 Yes
s.coll. [823], China K001064352 Yes
Tanaku [s.n.], Japan K001064627 Yes

First published in Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 7: 137 (1884)

Accepted by

  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

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