Cenchrus caudatus (Schrad.) Kuntze

First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 346 (1898)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & S. Africa to Arabian Peninsula. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Austria, California, Canary Is., Great Britain, Hawaii, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, St.Helena, Tasmania, Texas

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2005-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berry, M. (2018). Adventives and aliens news 14. BSBI News 138: 46-51.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps. Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi. Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. (2019). Taxonomic novelties in Central African grasses (Poaceae), Paniceae 2. Plant Ecology and Evolution 152: 554-560.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • de Salas, MF, Baker, ML (2022). A Census of the Vascular Plants of Tasmania, including Macquarie Island: 1-161. Tasmanian Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart. https://flora.tmag.tas.gov.au/resources/census/.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2005-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
May 1, 1932 Burtt, B.D. [2925], Uganda Pennisetum mildbraedii K000281220 Yes
May 1, 1932 Snowden, J.D. [1458], Uganda Pennisetum mildbraedii K000281221 Unknown type material Yes
Jun 1, 2001 Ghogue, J.-P. [505], Cameroon Pennisetum macrourum K000107879 No
Aug 1, 1976 Schimper [1044], Ethiopia Pennisetum macrourum K000281154 isotype Yes
Schimper [93], Ethiopia Pennisetum macrourum K000281157 isosyntype Yes
Schimper [93], Ethiopia Pennisetum macrourum K000281156 isosyntype Yes
Schimper [93], Ethiopia Pennisetum macrourum K000281155 isosyntype Yes
Quartin-Dillon [184], Ethiopia Pennisetum macrourum K000281151 Yes
Leroy, Gabon Pennisetum macrourum K000281167 isotype Yes
Vanderyst, H. [B86], Zaïre Pennisetum macrourum K000281172 Yes
Vanderyst, H. [B86], Zaïre Pennisetum macrourum K000281171 Yes
Vanderyst, H. [5038], Zaire Pennisetum macrourum K000281170 Yes
Vanderyst, H. [5058], Zaïre Pennisetum macrourum K000281169 Yes
Vanderyst, H. [5030], Zaire Pennisetum macrourum K000281168 isosyntype Yes
Haarer, A.E. [2506], Tanzania Pennisetum macrourum K000281205 holotype Yes
Haarer, A.E. [2506], Tanzania Pennisetum macrourum K000281206 holotype Yes
Stolz, A. [1069], Tanzania Pennisetum macrourum K000281204 isotype Yes
Stolz, A. [1329], Tanzania Pennisetum macrourum K000281203 isotype Yes
Stolz, A. [1294], Tanzania Pennisetum macrourum K000281207 holotype Yes
Fries, R.E. [166], Kenya Pennisetum macrourum K000281208 isosyntype Yes
Buchanan, J. [172], South Africa Pennisetum macrourum K000281267 holotype Yes
Welwitsch [7426], Angola Pennisetum macrourum K000281276 Yes
Welwitsch [2723], Angola Pennisetum macrourum K000281275 isosyntype Yes
Welwitsch [2723], Angola Pennisetum macrourum K000281274 isosyntype Yes
Welwitsch [7507], Angola Pennisetum macrourum K000281277 isotype Yes
Eyles, F. [3083], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281278 Yes
Eyles, F. [4771], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281279 holotype Yes
Eyles, F. [4771], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281280 holotype Yes
Eyles, F. [4771], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281281 holotype Yes
Eyles, F. [4903], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281285 holotype Yes
Eyles, F. [4903], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281287 holotype Yes
Eyles, F. [4903], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281286 Unknown type material Yes
Eyles, F. [4903], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281284 holotype Yes
Eyles, F. [4903], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281283 holotype Yes
Eyles, F. [4903], Zimbabwe Pennisetum macrourum K000281282 holotype Yes
Burtt-Davy, J. [2028/29], Malawi Pennisetum macrourum K000281288 holotype Yes

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/