Brasenia schreberi J.F.Gmel.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Temp. & Subtropical Asia, E. Australia, America.

[FTEA]

Cabombaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Apparently glabrous aquatic with all submerged parts covered with a profuse clear slimy jelly-like mucilage; the outsides of the sepals and petals, the undersurfaces of the leaves, submerged petioles, pedicels, etc., are covered with minute purplish glandular hairs which may secrete this mucilage.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades round or broadly elliptic, 2.5–11.5 cm. long, 1.5–7 cm. wide, entire, green above, usually reddish-brown or purplish beneath with 12 nerves radiating from the centre; petiole-length depending on the depth of the water, 0.05–1 m. long or more, slender, ±1.5 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels reddish-brown, 4–5 cm. long, 2 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals purplish- or brownish- red, elliptic or narrowly oblong, 0.9–1.4 cm. long, 3–6 mm. wide, rounded atthe apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals crimson, purplish- or brownish-red, narrowly oblong or linear-oblong, 1.2–1.7 cm. long, 3–4 mm. wide, narrowly rounded at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments of the stamens filiform, 1 cm. long, papillose; anthers reddish, linear-oblong, 3.5 mm. long, apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels fusiform or narrowly ovoid, 5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, sparsely papillose; stigma simple, 3–4.5 mm. long, papillose all over save for a narrow longitudinal area facing the perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting carpels ellipsoid or fusiform, 0.6–1 cm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide; stigma persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale brown, ellipsoid, 2.7–3.5 mm. long, 2–2.3 mm. wide.
Habitat
akes, swampy pools, etc.; 1120–2750 m.
Distribution
K3 T1 T7 U4 also known from Tertiary and interglacial deposits in Europe

[FZ]

Cabombaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous aquatic plant with all its submerged parts covered with a profuse, clear, slimy mucilage.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves floating, rotund, peltate, 7.5 (10) x 5–7 cm., margin entire, green above, reddish-brown or purplish below, nerves 12, radiating from the apex of the petiole, rather faint, petiole reddish-brown, attached at the centre of the leaf-blade, up to 1 m. or more long according to the depth of the water, c. 1.5 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary on reddish-brown peduncles up to c. 8 cm. long, c. 2 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals purplish-brownish-red, petaloid, c. 1.4 x 0.3 cm., narrowly oblong, apex rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to the sepals but slightly larger.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with slender papillose filaments up to 1 cm. long; anthers reddish, 3.5 mm. long, narrowly oblong, apiculate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 5 x 2 mm., narrowly lanceolate-ovoid, sparsely papillose, stigma simple, 3 mm. long, papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe carpels 7 x 2 mm., ellipsoid with a persistent stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3.5 x 2.3 mm., ellipsoid, testa pale brown.

Native to:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Angola, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Botswana, British Columbia, Burundi, California, Cameroon, China South-Central, China Southeast, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Uganda, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Irkutsk

English
Water shield

Brasenia schreberi J.F.Gmel. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Drummond, R.B. [4628], Uganda 15395.000
Wright, C. [1859], Cuba Brasenia purpurea K000220412

First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 853 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Minnesota Flora. An illustrated guide to the vascular plants of Minnesota ed. 2: 1-776. Steve W. Chadde.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Japan IIa: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Malyschev, L.I., Peshkova, G.A. & Baikov, K.S. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 14: 1-210. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meyers, S.C. & al. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Oregon 2: 1-861. Botanical research institute of Texas Press.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Malyschev, L.I., Peshkova, G.A. & Baikov, K.S. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 14: 1-210. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meades, S.J. & Brouillet, L. (2019). Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador https://www.newfoundland-labradorflora.com/checklist/.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Chifflot in Annls. Univ. Lyon, Fasc. 10: 39–49 (1902).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 46 (1962).
  • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 45 (1937).
  • Flora U.R.S.S. 7: 5, t. 1/3 (1937).
  • Gleason, New Britton & Brown Illustr. Fl. 2: 148, fig. (1952).
  • J. F. Gmel. in L., Syst. Nat., ed. 13, 2: 853 (1791).
  • Meusel & Mühlberg in Hegi, Illustr. Fl. Mitteleuropa 3 (3), 1: 7, fig. 4 (1965) [map of recent and fossil distribution].
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 173, t. 25 (1960).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/