Genus:
Olea L.

Olea welwitschii (Knobl.) Gilg & G.Schellenb.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

Morphology General Habit
Low to tall tree, generally 12–24 m. in height, with a straight not much branched trunk and a rather small crown, the final branches terete, grey, with scattered subprominent lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves of mature trees with blades narrowly elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, acutely acuminate, 6–19 cm. long, 2.3–7.6 cm. broad, coriaceous, nearly or quite glabrous on both surfaces except for well-spaced adpressed scales (appearing often as small pits under a hand lens).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles mostly terminal to the final branches, relatively large and fairly loose with very numerous small white flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe narrowly ellipsoid to ellipsoid.
Figures
Fig. 3 (p. 11).
Habitat
Lowland rain to upland dry evergreen forest; 750–1950 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 T2 T3 U2 U4

Doubtfully present in:

Sudan

Native to:

Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Olea welwitschii (Knobl.) Gilg & G.Schellenb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Styles, B.T. [247], Uganda 25694.012 No
Hughes, J. [208], Tanzania 5077.000 No
Drury, J.P. [418], Kenya 5078.000 No
Hughes, J. [225], Tanzania 7026.000 No
Hughes, J. [285], Tanzania 7027.000 No
Welwitsch [945], Angola K000233373 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001008357 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [4497], Angola K001008351 Yes
Welwitsch [946], Angola K001008358 Yes
Gossweiler [s.n.], Angola K001008354 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [10016], Angola K001008355 Yes
Gossweiler [4497], Angola K001008352 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001008350 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [4455], Angola K001008349 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [4497B], Angola K001008356 Yes
Gossweiler [s.n.], Angola K001008353 Yes

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 76 (1913)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Green, P.S. (2006). World Checklist of Oleaceae Manuscript Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226. [Cited as Olea capensis.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gilg & Schellenb. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 51: 76 (1915).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0