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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Peru to N. Argentina.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Wood, J.R.I. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 199.

Least Concern (LC).
A relatively widespread species found from southern Peru through Bolivia south to central Argentina.
It is a plant of open, rocky banks in puna vegetation between 3500 and 4500 m in northern Bolivia and Peru, but descending to 2940 m in the Tarija area and to as little as 1000 m further south in Argentina (Xifreda 1999: 779).
Morphology General Habit
Much-branched aromatic undershrub with stiff, erect branches 0.6 – 2 m high; young stems quadrangular, reddish-brown, shortly pubescent with large-celled hairs, somewhat denser at the leaf nodes, eventually glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves somewhat imbricate, subsessile or with petioles up to 1 mm long; lamina 3 – 12 × 1 – 3 mm, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, obtuse to rounded at the apex, base broadly cuneate, margin entire, both surfaces shortly pubescent with large-celled hairs, the lower surface paler and dotted with yellowish glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets c. 1.25 × 0.5 mm, trigonous, oblong-ovoid narrowed to an obtuse apex, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 1 – 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle 0 – 0.5 mm long, sometimes absent; bracts at branching point, 0.5 – 0.75 mm long, subulate, pubescent; pedicels 0.5 – 1 mm long, pubescent; calyx c. 2 mm long, shortly tubular-campanulate, ribbed, on the exterior gland-dotted and pubescent with large-celled hairs, on the interior with a ring of hairs at the base of the calyx teeth; teeth 0.5 – 0.75 mm long, much shorter than the tube, triangular, acute, the tips spreading; corolla white, subequally 5-lobed, the tube 1 – 1.5 mm long, ± equalling the calyx tube; anthers subsessile, included; style c. 1.75 mm long, glabrous, included
This species is easily recognised by the stiff habit with short, erect branches and the small, entire, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, obtuse leaves, which are uniformly covered in short, large-celled, whitish hairs. The habit is well-illustrated by the photo in Torrico et al. (1994: 371), which shows the relatively large size of this species which can reach 2 m. The inflorescence is somewhat variable, the flowers sometimes solitary in the leaf axils and not apparently arranged in cymes but more usually the flowers are clearly in axillary cymes, although the peduncle may be extremely short.
Flowers after rain at any time during the summer rainy season, principally from December to March.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Chile North, Peru

Clinopodium gilliesii (Benth.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Serrano, M. [7159], Bolivia K000479946
Mar 28, 2006 Ayala [66], Bolivia K000194318
Jul 4, 2001 Gillies, L. [s.n.], Argentina K000193620
Leybold, F. [s.n.], Argentina K000193625 isotype
Lorenty, P.G. [722], Argentina K000193624
[Gilliei, J] [s.n.], Argentina K000193622
Pearce, Mr. R. [s.n.] K000193621
Gillies [402] K000193626 Unknown type material
Gillies, L. [s.n.], Chile K000193627
[Bridge], Chile K000193629
Gillies, J. [s.n.], Chile K000193631
unknown [s.n.], Argentina K000193623
unknown [787], Chile K000193630
Bridges, Chile K000193628

First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 515 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.


Kew Bulletin

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  • Kuntze, C. E. O. (1891 – 1898). Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 515 (1891); 3: 259 (1898). A. Felix, Leipzig.
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  • Schmidt-Lebuhn, A. N. (2008). A Revision of the Genus Minthostachys (Labiatae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 98: 1 – 75.
  • Torrico, G., Peca, C., Beck, S. G. & García, E. (1994). Leñosas Utiles de Potosí. Potosí.
  • Wagstaff, S. J., Olmstead, R. G. & Cantino, P. D. (1995). Parsimony analysis of cpDNA restriction site variation in subfamily Nepetoideae (Labiatae). Amer. J. Bot. 82: 886 – 892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  • Xifreda, C. C. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: O. Zuloaga & O. Morrone (eds), Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de la Republica Argentina II, Angiospermae (Dicotyledoneae). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 769 – 781.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.