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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to N. Mozambique, N. Yemen.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, often rather woody at the base, scandent, trailing or more rarely erect, 1–2(–4) m., much branched; stem and branches weak, terete, striate, thinly to moderately furnished with whitish multicellular hairs, the older basal internodes finally glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate to broadly ovate, acuminate, those of the stem and branches 3.2–14 × 2.2–6 cm. including the 1–2.5 cm. petiole, dark green and thinly rather long-pilose on the upper surface, paler and more densely and shortly pubescent beneath (rarely tomentose on the midrib and principal veins), rounded to cuneate at the base; upper leaves of stem and branches rapidly reducing in size.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences considerably elongating as the flowers open and finally up to 35(–48) cm. long including the (up to 9 cm.) peduncle, solitary and terminal on the stem and branches, axis moderately spreading pilose or densely tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate, 3–4 mm., darkly membranous-margined, persistent, moderately pilose, each subtending a partial inflorescence of 3–7 fertile flowers, most of which are set between 2 modified sterile flowers, but the central solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles of sterile flowers ovate-lanceolate, ± 4 mm., membranous with a green midrib which is excurrent in a distinct brownish arista, thinly to moderately pilose. Bracteoles of triads of 1 fertile and 2 sterile flowers broadly deltoid-ovate, ± 4 mm., abruptly shortly acuminate with a sharp yellowish to dark mucro formed by the excurrent midrib, broadly membranous-margined below, moderately densely pilose dorsally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals (6–)7–8 mm., 3-nerved in the green centre with the nerves confluent above to form a short sharp mucro, narrowly oblong-lanceolate; outer 2 tepals slightly longer, ± uniformly long-pilose, narrowly membranous-margined, the inner 3 more broadly pale-margined (not conspicuously so since the margins are incurved), more densely long-pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style long and slender, (2.75–)3–3.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Sterile flowers dendroidly branched with several divaricate branches each ending in (6–)9–15(–20) hooked setae up to ± 6 mm. long, usually brownish but occasionally yellow, forming a very dense globose burr ± 1.5–2.2 cm. in diameter, concealing the fertile flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an oblong-ovoid capsule 2–2.25 mm. long, rupturing irregularly at the thin-walled base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, ± 2 mm., black, almost smooth, shining.
Figures
Fig. 16/5–7.
Habitat
Mostly at forest edges, along rides and in clearings, also in open woodland, in bush and along rivers – apparently always in more or less undisturbed habitats; 1150–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 T2 T3 T6 U2 U4

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Perennial (?) herb, often rather woody at the base, scandent or more rarely erect, 1–2(4) m., much-branched, stem and branches weak, terete, striate, thinly to moderately furnished with whitish multicellular hairs, the older basal internodes finally glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate to broadly ovate, acuminate, those of the stem and branches 3.2–14 × 2.2–6 cm. including the 1–2.5 cm. petiole, dark green and thinly rather long-pilose on the upper surface, paler and more densely and shortly pubescent beneath (rarely tomentose on the midrib and principal veins), rounded to cuneate at the base; superior leaves of stem and branches rapidly reducing in size.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences thyrsoid, considerably elongating as the flowers open and finally up to 35 (48) cm. long including the (up to 9 cm.) peduncle, solitary and terminal on the stem and branches, axis moderately spreading-pilose or densely tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate, 3–4 mm., darkly membranous-margined, persistent, moderately pilose, each subtending a partial inflorescence of 3–7 fertile flowers, most of which are set between two modified sterile flowers, but the central solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles of triads of 1 fertile and 2 sterile flowers broadly deltoid-ovate, c.4 mm. long, abruptly shortly acuminate with a sharp yellowish to dark mucro formed by the excurrent midrib, broadly membranous-margined below, moderately densely pilose dorsally. Bracteoles of sterile flowers ovate-lanceolate, c.4 mm. long, membranous with a green midrib which is excurrent in a distinct brownish arista, thinly to moderately pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals (6)7–8 mm. long, 3-nerved in the green centre with the nerves confluent above to form a short, sharp mucro, narrowly oblong-lanceolate; outer 2 tepals slightly longer, more or less uniformly long-pilose, narrowly membranous-margined, the inner 3 more broadly pale-margined (not conspicuously so since the margins are incurved), more densely long-pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style long and slender, (2.75)3–3.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Sterile flowers dendroidly branched with several divaricate branches each ending in (6)9–15 (20) hooked setae up to c. 6 mm. long, usually brownish but occasionally yellow, forming a very dense globose "burr" c. 1.5–2.2 cm. in diam., concealing the fertile flowers.
Sterile
Sterile flowers dendroidly branched with several divaricate branches each ending in (6)9–15 (20) hooked setae up to c. 6 mm. long, usually brownish but occasionally yellow, forming a very dense globose "burr" c. 1.5–2.2 cm. in diam., concealing the fertile flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an oblong-ovoid capsule 2–2.25 mm. long, rupturing irregularly at the thin-walled base; seed c. 2 mm. long, ovoid, black, almost smooth, shining.

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

Pupalia grandiflora Peter appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Peter, A. [8617], Tanzania K000243652 Unknown type material

First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(2, Anh.): 22 (1932)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.C. Townsend in Kew Bulletin 34: 134 (1979).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 61 (1951).
  • Peter in F. R. Beih. 40(2), Descr.: 22 (1932).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 134 (1948).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0