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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa, E. Afghanistan to Myanmar.
Pupalia lappacea

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb, ± erect and ± 0.3–0 .9 m. tall, or prostrate and sprawling, or subscandent and scrambling to as much as 2.5 m.; stem generally much branched and swollen at the nodes, branches opposite, divaricate or ascending, slender, obtusely 4-angled to almost terete, thinly pilose to densely tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable in shape and size, from narrowly ovate-elliptic to oblong or circular, 2–10(–14) × 1–5(–7)cm., acuminate to obtuse-apiculate or retuse at the summit, shortly or more longly cuneate at the base, narrowed to a petiole 2–2.5(–3.5) cm. long; indumentum of lamina varying from sericeous or tomentose to subglabrous with a few hairs running vertically along the lower surface of the primary venation, rarely quite glabrous, commonly moderately pilose with the hairs along the nerves divergent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences at first ± dense, elongating to as much as 0.5 m. in fruit with the lower flowers becoming increasingly remote; axis subglabrous to tomentose; peduncle ± 1–10 cm.; bracts lanceolate, 1.5–2.5 mm., persistent, ± deflexed after the fall of the fruit, subglabrous or pilose, sharply mucronate with the percurrent midrib; partial inflorescences mostly of 1 solitary hermaphrodite flower subtended on each side by a triad of 1 hermaphrodite and 2 modified flowers; bracteoles of each triad broadly subcordate-ovate, (2.75–)3–5(–6) mm., abruptly narrowed to the stramineous to dark arista formed by the excurrent midrib, membranous with a pale margin, thinly to very densely hairy; bracteoles of sterile flowers ovate-lanceolate, usually more shortly and less densely pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals oblong-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, ± quickly narrowed to a rather obtuse-mucronate apex to gradually narrowed and acute-aristate, the outer 2 (3–)4–5(–6) mm., subglabrous to ± tomentose dorsally, 3(–5)-nerved, the midrib and 2 inner nerves confluent just below the apex and excurrent in the mucro or short arista, inner 3 slightly shorter and more densely pilose.
Morphology Branches
Branches of sterile flowers 3, each terminating in (3–)5–18(–20+) setae in 1–3 ranks; setae subglabrous to ± villous in the lower half, yellowish to purple or red, (1.5–)3–7 mm., the partial inflorescence falling intact to form a burr ± 8–18 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short to rather slender, (0.5–)0.9–2(–3) mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 2–2.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-ovoid with a prominent radicle, 2 mm. long, dark brown, shining; testa at first faintly reticulate but finally smooth or punctulate.
Distribution
widespread in the tropics of the Old Worldthroughout tropical Africa N. to Egypt, also in South Africa and Madagascar, Arabia and Asia from India eastwards to Malaya, the Malayan Is. (Java, Celebes, etc.), the Philippines and New Guineaintroduced in Australia, etc. K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb, ± erect and c. 0.3–0.9 m tall, or prostrate and sprawling, or scrambling to as much as 2.5 m, usually much-branched, stem and branches thinly pilose to densely tomentose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very variable in shape and size, from narrowly ovate-elliptic to oblong or round, 2–14 x 1–7 cm, acuminate to obtuse-apiculate or retuse, shortly cuneate to attenuate at the base, petiole 2–3.5 cm; indumentum extremely variable, from densely sericeous or tomentose to subglabrous with a few hairs along the lower surface of the primary venation, rarely quite glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences at first dense, elongating to as much as 50 cm in fruit including the 1–10 cm peduncle, with the lower flower clusters increasingly remote, axis and peduncle subglabrous to tomentose Partial inflorescences mostly of 1 fertile flower subtended on each side by a triad of one fertile and two steriles; sterile flowers stellately 3-branched, each branch terminating in (3–)5–18(–20 or more) yellowish to purple or red hooked setae up to 7 mm long in 3 ranks
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals oblong-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, (3–)4–5(–6) mm, 3(–5)-nerved, subglabrous to ± tomentose, the inner 3 slightly shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short to rather slender, (0.5–)0.9–2(–3) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 2–2.5 mm.
Vernacular
Afkudufanle, dheg-dhego, geed-beered, marabob, marakudheg, sariibiye (Somali).
Distribution
The species as a whole is widespread in the tropics and some subtropics of the Old World; throughout tropical Africa N to Egypt, S to South Africa; also in Madagascar and Asia from Arabia eastwards to New Guinea; introduced in Australia, etc. Var. lappacea, syn. P. atropurpurea (Lam.) Moq., occurs chiefly in India and Sri Lanka, but is found also in Mozambique and South Africa, possibly as an introduction.

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals oblong-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, more or less quickly narrowed to a rather obtuse mucronate apex to gradually narrowed and acute-aristate, the outer two (3.5)4–5(6) mm. long, subglabrous to more or less tomentose dorsally, 3(5)-nerved, the midrib and 2 inner nerves confluent just below the apex and excurrent in the mucro or short arista, inner 3 slightly shorter and more densely pilose.
Morphology Branches
Branches of sterile flowers 3, each terminating in (3)5–18 (20) mm. long setae in 1–3 ranks; setae subglabrous to more or less villous in the lower half, yellowish to purple or red, (1.5)3–7 mm., the partial inflorescence falling intact to form a burr c. 8–18 cm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short to rather slender, (0.5)0.9–2(3) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 2–2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-ovoid with a prominent radicle, 2 mm. long, dark brown, shining, testa at first faintly reticulate but finally smooth or punctulate.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb, more or less erect and c. 0.3–0.9 m. tall, or prostrate and sprawling, or subscandent and scrambling to as much as 2.5 m., stem generally much-branched and swollen at the nodes, branches opposite, divaricate or ascending, slender; stems and branches obtusely 4-angled to almost terete, thinly pilose to densely tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable to shape and size, from narrowly ovate-elliptic to oblong or circular, 2 10 (14) × 1–5(7) cm., acuminate to obtuse-apiculate or retuse at the summit, shortly or more longly cuneate at the base, narrowed to a petiole 0.5–2.5(3.5) cm. long; indumentum of lamina varying from sericeous or tomentose to subglabrous with a few hairs running vertically along the lower surface of the primary venation, rarely quite glabrous, commonly moderately pilose with the hairs along the nerves divergent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences at first more or less dense, elongating to as much as 0.5 m. in fruit with the lower flowers becoming increasingly remote, axis subglabrous to tomentose, peduncle c. 1–10 cm. long; bracts lanceolate, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, persistent, more or less deflexed after the fall of the fruit, subglabrous or pilose, sharply mucronate with the percurrent midrib; partial inflorescences mostly of one solitary hermaphrodite flower subtended on each side by a triad of one hermaphrodite and 2 modified flowers; bracteoles of each triad broadly subcordate-ovate, (2.75)3–5(6) mm., abruptly narrowed to the stramineous to dark arista forming by the excurrent midrib, membranous with a pale margin, thinly to very densely hairy; bracteoles of sterile flowers ovate-lanceolate, usually more shortly and less densely pilose.

[FWTA]

Amaranthaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A weed, 2–4 ft. high, sometimes woody below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Greenish flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Yellow or red stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Burr fruits.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2012 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [IMM 157], Indonesia K000734813

First published in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 2: 132 (1803)

Accepted by

  • Aellen, P. (1972). Flora Iranica 91: 1-19. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 529.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 47

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aellen, P. (1972). Flora Iranica 91: 1-19. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. C. Townsend [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Juss., Ann. Bus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2: 132 (1803).
  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 136 (1974).
  • C.C. Townsend in Kew Bulletin 34: 135 (1979).
  • Cavaco in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. B, 13: 90 (1962).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 102 (1962).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 122 (1950).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 45 (1962).
  • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 173 (1895).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 60 (1951).
  • J. G. Baker & C. B. Clarke in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 47 (1909).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 225 (1932).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 133 (1948).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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