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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Botswana, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb c. 0.57–1.5 m. tall, bushy or straggling with many divaricate branches from the base upwards (small plants simple), stem and branches slender, terete, striate, thinly or in parts more densely furnished with whitish multicellular hairs, the older basal internodes finally glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate-ovate to elliptic, acuminate, those of the stem and main branches 5.5–15 × 2.9–5.4 cm. including the 0.5–1.8 cm. petiole, dark green and thinly rather long-pilose on the superior surface, paler and more densely and shortly pubescent beneath, subtruncate to cuneate at the base; leaves of upper part of stem and branches rapidly reducing in size.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences considerably elongating as the flowers open and finally up to c. 25 cm. long including the (to c.8 cm.) peduncle, solitary or paired in the leaf axils, up to 4–5 together at the ends of the stem and branches, simple or sometimes branched, axis thinly to densely pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate-ovate, 1–1.5 mm. long, membranous-margined, persistent, more or less thinly pilose, each subtending a single triad of one fertile and two modified bracteolate flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles broadly deltoid-ovate, c. 2 mm. long, abruptly shortly acuminate with a short, sharp mucro formed by the excurrent midrib, broadly membranous-margined below, moderately pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 2.75–3.5 mm. long, oblong-ovate, broadly white-margined, 3-nerved in the green centre with the nerves confluent above to form a short, sharp mucro; outer 2 tepals slightly longer and broader, lanate chiefly about the base, the inner 3 lanate over most of the dorsal surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short, c. 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Sterile flowers of 3 branches each bearing c. 5–8 hooked setae to c. 2 mm. long, not forming a dense “burr” or concealing the fertile flower.
Sterile
Sterile flowers of 3 branches each bearing c. 5–8 hooked setae to c. 2 mm. long, not forming a dense “burr” or concealing the fertile flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an ovoid, somewhat compressed capsule c. 1.75–2 mm. long, rupturing irregularly at the thin-walled base; seed c. 1.5–1.75 mm. in diam., circular, somewhat compressed, black, almost smooth, shining.

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb ± 0.5–1.5 m. tall, bushy or straggling with many divaricate branches from the base upwards (small plants simple); stem and branches slender, terete, striate, thinly or in parts more densely furnished with whitish multicellular hairs, the older basal internodes finally glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate-ovate to elliptic, acuminate, those of the stem and main branches 5.5–15 × 2 .9–5.4 cm. including the 0.5–1.8 cm. petiole, dark green and thinly rather long-pilose on the upper surface, paler and more densely and shortly pubescent beneath, subtruncate to cuneate at the base; leaves of upper part of stem and branches rapidly reducing in size.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences considerably elongating as the flowers open and finally up to ± 25 cm. long including the (to ± 8 cm.) peduncle, solitary or paired in the leaf-axils, up to 4–5 together at the ends of the stem and branches, simple or sometimes branched, axis thinly to densely pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate-ovate, 1–1.5 mm., membranous-margined, persistent, ± thinly pilose, each subtending a single triad of 1 fertile and 2 modified bracteolate flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles broadly deltoid-ovate, ± 2 mm., abruptly shortly acuminate with a short sharp mucro formed by the excurrent midrib, broadly membranous-margined below, moderately pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals oblong-ovate, 2.75–3.5 mm., broadly white-margined, 3-nerved in the green centre with the nerves confluent above to form a short sharp mucro; outer 2 tepals slightly longer and broader, lanate chiefly about the base, the inner 3 lanate over most of the dorsal surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short, ± 0.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Sterile flowers of 3 branches each bearing ± 5–8 hooked setae to ± 2 mm. long, not forming a dense burr nor concealing the fertile flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an ovoid, somewhat compressed capsule ± 1.75–2 mm. long, rupturing irregularly at the thin-walled base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed round, somewhat compressed, ± 1.5–1.75 mm., black, almost smooth, shining.
Figures
Fig. 16/8, 9.
Habitat
Open deciduous woodland, near streams or in seasonal swamps; 760–970 m.
Distribution
T1 T4

Native to:

Botswana, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Philippines, Taiwan

Pupalia micrantha Hauman appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 24, 1977 Faulkner, H. [K 14], Mozambique K000243660
Aug 23, 1977 Romola D. Bax [41], Tanzania K000243653 syntype
Aug 23, 1977 Romola D. Bax [41], Tanzania K000243654
Aug 23, 1977 Pielou, D.P. [138], Tanzania K000243655

First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 18: 109 (1946)

Accepted by

  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.C. Townsend in Kew Bulletin 34: 133 (1979).
  • Hauman in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 18: 109 (1946)
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 61 (1951).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0