Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó

This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Africa, Europe to Central Siberia and Mongolia.

[O-EM]
Distribution

Much of Europe, but absent from most of the southeast.

Habitat

Moorland, grassland and damp woods; mainly on acid soils.

General Description

Stem with 5-12 distant leaves. Leaves with or without dark spots; lower linear-lanceolate to ovate or oblong, acute to obtuse. Bracts mostly shorter than the flowers. Outer perianth-segments 7-11 mm. Middle lobe of labellum shorter than to as long as (rarely longer than) and much narrower than the lateral lobes. Spur 3-11 mm, cylindrical, shorter than to as long as ovary.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Krasnoyarsk, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Ontario

English
Heath Spotted Orchid

Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Verdcourt, B. [4667B], France 32386.000 No
Wood, J.J. [564], France 36010.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2349], Austria 363.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2373], Austria 364.000 No
Sandeman, C. [1], France 365.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [3822], France 366.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [3841], France 367.000 No
Hepper, F.N. [A.B.C.], France 368.000 No
Hepper, F.N. [D.E.F.], France 369.000 No
Hepper, F.N. [9], France 370.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [5192], Spain 371.000 No
Wood, J.J. [536], France 44346.000 No
Collins, P.B. [82/004], Norway 44496.000 No
Wood, J.J. [560], France 45819.000 No
Wood, J.J. [527], France 45885.000 No
Wood, J.J. [537], France 45922.000 No
Wood, J.J. [530], France 45925.000 No
Joseph, J. [350], Spain 48822.000 No
Watson, J.M. [56], Italy 506.000 No
Sweden 50600.000 No
Fay [655a] 70549.000 No
Fay [659] 70395.000 No
Shipunov [79-1], USSR 71042.000 No
Shipunov [80-1], USSR 71048.000 No
Bateman [s.n.], United Kingdom 71069.000 No
Shipunov [75-1], USSR 71105.000 No
Chase [16918] 71699.000 No
Chase [16914] 71704.000 No
Chase [16849 a.b.c.] 71707.000 No
Chase [16913] 71714.000 No
Chase [16909] 71718.000 No
Chase [16917] 71723.000 No
Chase [16916] 71724.000 No
Chase [16915] 71725.000 No
Chase [16911] 71726.000 No
Chase [16912] 71728.000 No
Chase [16910] 71730.000 No
Shipunov [39-1] 71759.000 No
Shipunov [37-1] 71761.000 No
Shipunov [40-1] 71762.000 No
Shipunov [36-1] 71764.000 No
Shipunov [33-1] 71767.000 No
Shipunov [30-1] 71770.000 No
Shipunov [23-1] 71772.000 No
Shipunov 71775.000 No
Shipunov 71778.000 No
Shipunov 71787.000 No
Shipunov 71789.000 No
Shipunov 71793.000 No
Bateman [782] 72046.000 No
Chase [19426], Austria 73024.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K000364178 Yes
76455.000 No
Edgar, G.H. [1002], Great Britain K000718732 No
Civeyrel et al [567], France 78333.000 No
E.G. [4013], France K000718390 No
Lang, A.F. [s.n.] K000364177 Yes

First published in Nom. Nov. Gen. Dactylorhiza: 7 (1962)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Petrova, A.S., Vladimirov, V. & Stoyanov, Y. (2009). Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. transsilvanica (Orchidaceae): new for the Bulgarian flora Phytologia Balcanica 15: 389-392.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Orchideae: e-monocot.org

    All Rights Reserved