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This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Africa, Europe to China.
Epipactis helleborine

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Atkinson, R. [1621], United Kingdom 10069.000
Summerhayes, V.S. [1629], United Kingdom 10070.000
Thomas, C., United Kingdom 10071.000
Sandwith, N.Y. [5225], Spain 10072.000
Tyrer, P.J., Ireland 10073.000
Tyner, P.J., United Kingdom 10074.000
Ryan, P.J., Ireland 10075.000
United Kingdom 10076.000
Stratton, B.M., United Kingdom 10077.000
Sayers, D. [10/40/18], Austria 10088.000
Sayers, D. [04/40/18], Austria 18561.000
Greenwood, M., United Kingdom 18562.000
United Kingdom 19426.000
Ross-Craig, S. [555], United Kingdom 19428.000
Shove, W.R., United Kingdom 19429.000
Maycock, R., United Kingdom 20713.000
Sandwith, N.Y. [4484], Spain 20948.000
Summerhayes, V.S. [1611], United Kingdom 20949.000
Burtt, B.L., United Kingdom 20950.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [1577], United Kingdom 21113.000
Sandwith, N.Y. [6230], Spain 24834.000
Adams, L.G. [273], United Kingdom 28247.000
Milne-Redhead, E., United Kingdom 28415.000
Verdcourt, B. [4636], France 31857.000
Barneby, T.P., France 32101.000
Verdcourt, B. [4716], France 32574.000
Pike, C.J.H., United Kingdom 32919.000
Verdcourt, B. [4826], France 33602.000
Collins, P.B. [74/0035d], Denmark 41286.000
Collins, P.B. [74/0035c], Denmark 41287.000
Collins, P.B. [74/0035a], Denmark 41288.000
Collins, P.B. [74/0036], Denmark 41290.000
Clements, M.A. [2769], Greece 48198.000
Sweden 50599.000
Sweden 50601.000
Sweden 50602.000
United Kingdom 52873.000
Cribb, P., China 56694.000
United Kingdom 6049.143
Sprague, T.A., United Kingdom 9515.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [1575], United Kingdom 9516.000
Maude, A.H., United Kingdom 9517.000
Maude, A.H., United Kingdom 9518.000
Miller, K.B.N., United Kingdom 9519.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2302], Austria 9520.000
Ross-Craig, S. [921], Ireland 9521.000
Ross-Craig, S. [933], Ireland 9522.000
Milne-Redhead, E., United Kingdom 9523.000
Sealy, J.R. [1068], United Kingdom 9524.000
McLeish, I. [51], United Kingdom 62368.000
MFF [MFF 413] 70406.000
United Kingdom 71642.000
Chase, M.W. [83164], USA 75242.000

First published in Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 467 (1769)

Accepted by

  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Efimov, P. (2007). Genus Epipactis Zinn. (Orchidaceae) in the Russia Turczaninowia 7(3): 8-42.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
  • Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale.
  • Taran, G.S., Silantieva, M.M. & Shibanova, A.A. (2007). Floristic records in floodplains of the Ob riber and its tributaries (Altai territory) Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 92: 1763-1768.
  • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.


Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Chilton, L. (2010). Plant list for Lesvos, slightly revised 1998-2009: 1-36. Marengo, Hunstanton, England.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew