Epipactis ulugurica Mansf.

First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 1060 (1934)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tanzania (Uluguru Mountains). It is a rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
An erect terrestrial herb to ± 1.5 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stem terete, ± 5–8 mm. diameter, leafy in upper half, covered with sheathing cataphylls below.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves erect to spreading, ovate, acuminate, up to 16 cm. long and 7.4 cm. broad, densely many-nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, densely to laxly many-flowered, up to 20 cm. long; rhachis and bracts densely covered with brown hairs; bracts leafy, lanceolate, acuminate, lower-most 6 cm. long, 1.5 cm. broad, as long as the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow-green to orange, red or mauve streaked, densely villose-hairy on outer surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 1.5–1.9 cm. long, 0.6 cm. broad, margins undulate; lateral sepals lanceolate-falcate, acuminate, 1.7–2 cm. long, 0.8 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals lanceolate, acuminate, 1.5 cm. long, 0.5 cm. broad, pubescent on outer surface, margins undulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip bipartite but apparently deeply 3-lobed, saccate at base, 1.7 cm. long, 1.6 cm. broad; hypochile with 3 longitudinal fleshy calli terminating in 5 fleshy papillae, with large oblong-elliptic side lobes 0.8 cm. long and 0.5 cm. broad; epichile ovate-lanceolate from a narrow base, subacute, with a central longitudinal fleshy ridge.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 0.6 cm. long; anther 0.5 cm. long.
Figures
Fig. 43/12.
Habitat
In subalpine bushland and mist forest; 2150–2600 m.
Distribution
known only from the Uluguru Mts. T6
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0