Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to SW. Pacific.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Tuberous rhizome horizontal, ovoid, composed of many internodes, up to 5 cm. long and 3.5 cm. broad.
Morphology Stem
Flowering scape to 60 cm., hollow, fleshy, brownish at base, almost white towards apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 20 cm. long, many-flowered; bracts ovate, up to 1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers creamy white to dull dirty pink, with small dark purple or dull crimson spots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals not spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals lanceolate, acute, ± 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar but slightly shorter than sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip ± as long as tepals, broadly ovate, sides raised at base, margins ± irregular, with pair of minutely warted crests reaching from base to near apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spur broad, 4 mm. long, pointing backwards below the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column very short; anther larger than column; stigma at base of column; ovary conspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Embryo of seeds with 8 cells only.
Figures
Fig. 42.
Habitat
Forest floor; 1300–2200 m.
Distribution
K3 U2 Indo-Malayasia to Australia and Vanuatu

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Leafless, saprophytic herb; tuberous rhizome up to 5 × 3.5 cm, ovoid, horizontal, villous, spongy.
Morphology Stem
Stem 18–60 cm tall, hollow, pinkish-white with red streaks, with c. 6 bract-like cataphylls.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 12–20 cm long, laxly several- to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Pedicel 7 mm long, ovary 4 mm long at anthesis, soon enlarging.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 12–15 mm long, ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers drooping, not opening wide, off-white to dull pink, with purple or dull red spots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals 9–12 × c. 2 mm, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip c. 10 × 5 mm, ovate, with 2 verrucose crests running along its length; spur blunt, 3–4 × 1–1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column shorter than anther; stigma at base of column.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Borneo, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zaïre

Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [1560], Cameroon K000106002 No
Mar 1, 1996 Williams, S. [180], Cameroon 72136.000 No
Mar 1, 1996 Williams, S. [180], Cameroon K000106184 No
Jun 1, 1976 Kerr, A.F.G. [400], Thailand K000595874 No
Mar 10, 1975 Kerr, A.F.G. [400], Thailand K000595873 No
Purseglove, J.W. [3592], Uganda 18584.000 No
Keay, R.W.J. [37388], Cameroon 21437.000 No
Dalziel, J.M. [8205], Nigeria 24065.000 No
Mann, G. [784] 24066.000 No
Cumberlege [774A], Thailand 26185.000 No
Cruttwell, N.E.G. [1181], Papua New Guinea 28965.000 No
Bregulla, H.L., Vanuatu 37396.000 No
Jermy, A.C. [3880], New Guinea 37450.000 No
India 38248.000 No
la Croix, I. [74], Malawi 42348.000 No
Borneo 51284.000 No
Cribb, P.J. [s.n.], Indonesia 54304.000 No
Lewis, B. [92], Vanuatu 54896.000 No
Wheatley, J.I. [701], Vanuatu 55031.000 No
Harris, D.J. [s.n.], Cameroon 57286.000 No
Etuge, M. [1560], Cameroon 61685.000 No
Groves, M. [137], Cameroon 63844.000 No
Cable, S. [1545], Cameroon 63856.000 No
J.M.G. [JMG 9260], Tanzania 64130.000 No
Mann, G. [784], Cameroon K000306659 Yes
Inayat, K. [25386], India K000942695 Yes
Inayat, K. [25386], India K000942696 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [s.n.], Laos K000595871 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [244], Thailand K000595875 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [s.n.], Laos K000595872 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [0984], Laos K000595870 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [0984], Laos K000595869 No
Tanaka, S. [s.n.], Japan K000942698 Yes
Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000942697 Yes

First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 177 (1857)

Accepted by

  • Averyanov, L.V. (2011). The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 3. Subfamily Epidendroideae (primitive tribes - Neottieae, Vanilleae, Gastrodieae, Nervilieae) Turczaninowia 14(2): 15-100.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hsu, T.C. & al. (2016). New records and name changes for the orchids in the Solomon islands Taiwania 61: 21-26.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
  • Manilal, K.S. & Kumar, C.S. (eds.) (2004). Orchid Memories A tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden: 1-265. Mentor Books, Calicut.
  • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & al. (2014). Flora of Thailand 12(2): 303-670. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sittisujjatham, S. (2006). Wild Orchid of Thailand 1: 1-495. Amarin.
  • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
  • Tanaka, N., Yukawa, T., Myo Htwe, K, Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2011). New or noteworthy plant collections from Myanmar (7): Fourteen additional species of Orchidaceae Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 161-165.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Wood, J.J., Beaman, T.E., Lamb, A., Lun, C.C. & Beaman, J.H. (2011). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in J. Linn. Soc. 1: 177 (1857).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
  • Tanaka, N., Yukawa, T., Myo Htwe, K, Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2011). New or noteworthy plant collections from Myanmar (7): Fourteen additional species of Orchidaceae Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 161-165.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Lindl. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 1: 177 (1857).
  • Piers, Orch. E. Afr.: 140 (1959).
  • Robyns & Tournay, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert. 3: 458 (1955).
  • Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 755, fig. (1974).
  • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 207 (1968).
  • Tweedie in Journ. E.Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 35 (1964).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0