Grammatophyllum speciosum Blume

First published in Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 378 (1825)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Indo-China to W. Malesia. It is a pseudobulbous epiphyte and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.


Native to:

Borneo, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:



Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Averyanov, L.V. & al. (2016). New species of Orchids (Orchidaceae) in the Flora of Vietnam. Taiwania 61: 319-354.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & al. (2014). Flora of Thailand 12(2): 303-670. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Sittisujjatham, S. (2009). Wild Orchid of Thailand 2: 1-463. Amarin.
  • Tiu, D.A. (2009). Deciphering the Scriptures on Philippine Grammatophyllum: 1-93. PCARRD-DOST, Los Baños, Philippines.
  • Wood, J.J., Beaman, T.E., Lamb, A., Lun, C.C. & Beaman, J.H. (2011). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Yukawa, T., Kinoshita, A. & Tanaka, N. (2013). Molecular identification resolves taxonomic confusion in Grammatophyllum speciosum complex (Orchidaceae). Bulletin of the National Museum of Natature and Science, Tokyo, Series B (Botany) 39: 137-145.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-book: a Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classification and Uses, Third Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Orchids Wiki (2015). Grammatophyllum speciosum.
  • Pederson, H. AE. et al. (2014). Flora of Thailand Volume 12: Orchidaceae 2. The Forest Herbarium, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Pridgeon, A. M., Cribb, P. J., Chase, M. W. & Rasmussen, F. N. (2009). Genera Orchidacearum, Volume 5: Epidendroideae Part Two. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Stearn, W. T. (2002). Stearn’s Dictionary of Plant Names for Gardeners. Cassell, London.
  • WCSP (2015). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J. J., Beaman, R. S. & Beaman, J. H. (1993). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 2: Orchids. RBG Kew, Surrey, UK.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Carr, C.E. [K156], Malaysia 15015.000 No
Wickison [86], Solomon Is. 51507.000 No
Lamb, A. [AL832/87], Sabah 72712.000 No
Wight, R. [s.n.] K000891099 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7360], Malaysia K001127231 Yes
Chase, M.W. [89103] 74368.000 No
Parish, C.S.P. [s.n.], Myanmar K000891100 Yes
Griffith, W. [5318], Malaysia K000891101 Yes
Wight, R. [s.n.], Malaysia K000891098 Yes


  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles