Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to N. & Central Japan.

[O-EM]
Distribution

Most of Europe except for parts of the south-west and south-east.

General Description

Tubers with 3-6 obtuse lobes.

Habitat

Grassland, marshes, fens and scrub; somewhat calcicole.

Native to:

Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Manchuria, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Connecticut

English
Fragrant Orchid

Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Hubbard, C.E., United Kingdom 10502.000 No
Burtt, B.L. [B206], United Kingdom 1388.000 No
Sayers, D. [05/40/18], Austria 1389.000 No
Hall, P.M., United Kingdom 1391.000 No
Sayers, D. [08/10/1107], Austria 1392.000 No
Sandeman, C. [2], France 1393.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2285], Austria 1394.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [12299], France 1395.000 No
Gilbert, M., United Kingdom 1397.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [1929], United Kingdom 1398.000 No
Drapes, United Kingdom 14599.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [1716], United Kingdom 18501.000 No
Draper, J.C., United Kingdom 19387.000 No
Mountfort, C.C., United Kingdom 21591.000 No
United Kingdom 22547.000 No
Allison, G.H., United Kingdom 22548.000 No
Angel, T.H., United Kingdom 22549.000 No
Jermy, A.C. [1172], Sweden 23058.000 No
Sladen, W.J.L. [16/17/214], Yugoslavia 24832.000 No
Grose, D., United Kingdom 25264.000 No
United Kingdom 26191.000 No
United Kingdom 28166.000 No
Yeo, P., United Kingdom 29970.000 No
McCallum Webster, M., United Kingdom 30575.000 No
McCallum Webster, M., United Kingdom 30588.000 No
Barneby, T.P. [33], Switzerland 31586.000 No
Webster, M., United Kingdom 34547.000 No
United Kingdom 36171.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [5431C], United Kingdom 45034.000 No
Chesterman, D. [82], Italy 45375.000 No
Chesterman, D. [83], Italy 45376.000 No
Chesterman, D. [81], Italy 45377.000 No
Matthews, P., France 61596.000 No
Hunt, P.F. [1435], United Kingdom 6718.000 No
Draper, United Kingdom 7158.000 No
Mason, P.H., United Kingdom 7633.000 No
Bruce, E.A., United Kingdom 8494.000 No
70690.000 No
71802.000 No
Frost, R. [s.n.], United Kingdom 72790.000 No
Fay, M.F. [MFF 153] K000364647 No
Taquet, E.J. [1640], Korea K000796360 Yes
Smith, A.R. [650612/7], Great Britain K000970110 No

First published in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 191 (1813)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Lee, B.C. (2009). Rare plants data book of Korea: 1-296. Korea National Arboretum.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2013). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 16. Taxon 62: 1355-1360.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Rokaya, M.B. & al. (2013). An annotated checklist of the orchids of Nepal. Nordic Journal of Botany 31: 511-550.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Rokaya, M.B. & al. (2013). An annotated checklist of the orchids of Nepal. Nordic Journal of Botany 31: 511-550.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Orchideae: e-monocot.org

    All Rights Reserved