Habenaria procera (Afzel. ex Sw.) Lindl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Usually an epiphyte (often on oil palms) up to 2 ft. high with leafy stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
White flowers.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A usually epiphytic herb, rarely found in ground-level humus, up to 6 dm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers variously shaped, pubescent, with stout velamen-covered roots.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, leafy throughout its length, the leaf-bases sheathing.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves on lower part of stem lanceolate to narrowly ovate, up to 30 cm. long, 5.5 cm. broad, the upper leaves closely resembling bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 35-flowered, rather dense, up to 15 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate to ovate, acute, up to 3–5 cm. long, 6 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, with tepals green at their apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Dorsal sepal ovate, up to 12 mm. long, 7 mm. broad; laterals obliquely ovate, up to 12 mm. long, 6.5 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ovate-oblong, almost as long and broad as the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 3-lobed from an undivided oblong base; side lobes linear, up to 27 mm. long; middle lobe a little broader and considerably shorter than the side lobes, up to 18 mm. long, 2 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spur pendent, up to 11 cm. long, inflated in apical 1 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther ± 5 mm. high, loculi parallel, canals slender, curved, as long as the stigmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas subclavate, up to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Rostellum
Rostellum middle lobe triangular, acute.
Habitat
Lowland rain-forest, among ferns and mosses on tree trunks; 1250m. In West Africa usually epiphytic in the humus in fissured bark and axils of branches of several tree species, but especially the oil palm, Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Distribution
U2

[FWTA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb up to 21/2 ft. high, leafy in lower part of stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white
Ecology
In humus among rocks.

Native to:

Angola, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Habenaria procera (Afzel. ex Sw.) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [948], Cameroon 76125.000 No
Keay, R.W.J. [22589], Nigeria 1580.000 No
Sierra Leone 17301.000 No
19406.000 No
Maggs, D.H. [144], Nigeria 19407.000 No
Cox, J.K. [54], Ghana 19408.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [2736] 31417.000 No
Segerback, B. [1143], Nigeria 37975.000 No
Schaijes, M. [1691], Congo, DRC 47361.000 No
Onochie, C. [33419], Nigeria 5953.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [5152], Sierra Leone 5954.000 No
Stevart [434], Cameroon 71936.000 No
76010.000 No
Deistel, H. [0s.n.11], Cameroon K000106446 No
Maitland, T.D. [736], Cameroon K000106448 No
Ngongi [15084], Cameroon K000106447 No
Nov 18, 1937 Zenker [503], Cameroon Habenaria gabonensis K000415661 Yes
Testu, G.L., Gabon Habenaria gabonensis 21740.000 No
Bowden, J.K. [172], Nigeria Habenaria gabonensis 34414.000 No
Segerback, B. [1171], Nigeria Habenaria gabonensis 38466.000 No
Harris, D.J. [3204], Congo Habenaria gabonensis 56610.000 No
Harley, G.W. [2039], Liberia Habenaria gabonensis 5912.000 No
Jun 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [236], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000106857 No
Jun 1, 2003 Gregory, H. [322], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000106438 No
Jun 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [117], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000106902 No
Jun 1, 2003 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1502], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000106440 No
Jun 1, 2003 Gregory, H. [322], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000106437 No
Jun 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [236], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis 77725.000 No
Jun 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4088], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000107017 No
Jun 1, 2003 Cable, S. [51], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000106441 No
Jun 1, 2003 Gregory, H. [322], Cameroon Habenaria procera var. gabonensis K000106439 No

First published in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 318 (1835)

Accepted by

  • Geerinck, D. (2011). Catalogue raisonné des Orchidaceae du Congo-Kinshasa, distribuées par districts phytogéographiques. Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 32: 2-37.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa. Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
  • Szlachetko, D.L. & al. (2004). Flore du Gabon 36: 1-231. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Szlachetko, D.L. (2008). Orchidaceae of Ivory Coast. Ruizia 20: 1-396.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso. Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Cat. Talb. 147.
  • Chev. Bot. 621
  • F.T.A. 7: 220
  • Gen & Sp. Orch. Pl. 318 (1835)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa. Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso. Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. Pl.: 318 (1835).
  • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 220 (1898).
  • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 410 (1936)
  • Summerh. in ed. 2, 3: 194(1968).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0